Pompadour Cotinga Xipholena punicea

David Snow, Arnau Bonan, Sabrina Aeluro, Guy M. Kirwan, and Andrew J. Spencer
Version: 2.0 — Published July 24, 2020


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Geographic Variation

None reported.


Monotypic (11, 1, 12, 13, 14).

Related Species

Xipholena punicea is the basal member of the genus; the two other species, X. lamellipennis (White-tailed Cotinga) and X. atropurpurea (White-winged Cotinga), are sister to one another (15).

The genus Xipholena is sister to the genus Carpodectes (16, 17, 15), three species of plump, short-tailed, canopy-dwelling cotingas that occur from Honduras south to northwestern Ecuador. Together, these two genera appear to be sister to a small clade containing Gymnoderus foetidus (Bare-necked Fruitcrow) and Conioptilon mcilhennyi (Black-faced Cotinga) (16, 17, 18, 15).


Turdus puniceus Pallas, 1764; type locality ‘Zuyd America’, restricted to Suriname by Hellmayr (19: page 129).

Xipholena Gloger 1842 (20: page 320). The name Xipholena is based on the Greek xiphos, sword, and olene, the lower arm, and refers to the stiffened and elongated wing coverts (21). Type species, by subsequent designation (22: page 56), Ameplis pompadora Linnaeus 1766 (23: page 298) = Turdus puniceus Pallas, 1764.

The names pompadora and Pompadour refer to Jeanne Antoninette Poisson, Marquise de Pompadour, the mistress of King Louis XV of France, and whose favorite color was said to be purple (21, 1).

Fossil History

None reported.

Recommended Citation

Snow, D., A. Bonan, A. Aeluro, G. M. Kirwan, and A. J. Spencer (2020). Pompadour Cotinga (Xipholena punicea), version 2.0. In Birds of the World (T. S. Schulenberg, S. M. Billerman, and B. K. Keeney, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.pomcot1.02