Pompadour Cotinga Xipholena punicea
Version: 2.0 — Published July 24, 2020
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The genus Xipholena is sister to the genus Carpodectes (16, 17, 15), three species of plump, short-tailed, canopy-dwelling cotingas that occur from Honduras south to northwestern Ecuador. Together, these two genera appear to be sister to a small clade containing Gymnoderus foetidus (Bare-necked Fruitcrow) and Conioptilon mcilhennyi (Black-faced Cotinga) (16, 17, 18, 15).
Xipholena Gloger 1842 (20: page 320). The name Xipholena is based on the Greek xiphos, sword, and olene, the lower arm, and refers to the stiffened and elongated wing coverts (21). Type species, by subsequent designation (22: page 56), Ameplis pompadora Linnaeus 1766 (23: page 298) = Turdus puniceus Pallas, 1764.