Principe Scops-Owl Otus bikegila Scientific name definitions

Bárbara Freitas and Martim Melo
Version: 1.0 — Published October 24, 2023



This species' behavior has not been directly studied, thus information on this topic is scarce. Information provided here is based on the authors' personal observations or on the general behavior of species of this genus.


During the day it may roost outside of tree cavities, as suggested when researchers accidentally flushed one bird when taking habitat measurements (1). In this situation, the bird raised its ear tufts (ML470443361 ), a behavior aimed at cutting the silhouette and, therefore, increasing the efficiency of camouflage.


More information needed.

Agonistic Behavior

Territorial Behavior

Territoriality is ubiquitous in Otus species (16) and is supported for this species by the strong response to playback of its calls. This species defends its territory by calling from different perches.

Sexual Behavior

More information needed.

Social and Interspecific Behavior

The Gray Parrot (Psittacus erithacus) is likely to compete with the owl for nesting sites (5, 37).


The mona monkey (Cercopithecus mona), and the black rat (Rattus rattus), are likely to prey on the nests (eggs and chicks) and even on nesting adults (38).

Recommended Citation

Freitas, B. and M. Melo (2023). Principe Scops-Owl (Otus bikegila), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (N. D. Sly, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.
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