Principe Scops-Owl Otus bikegila Scientific name definitions

Bárbara Freitas and Martim Melo
Version: 1.0 — Published October 24, 2023



The Principe Scops-Owl appears to thrive in native forests with minimal human disturbance, particularly in coastal lowland to medium-elevation mature forests (32, 2). These forests are characterized by the occurrence of large trees and for being the most diverse forest type of Príncipe Island, harboring species such as Anthostema aubryanum, Klaineanthus gabonii, and Strephonema sp. (33). It seems to be particularly fond of the southern lowland forests close to the coast, considered a unique forest type characterized by an abundance of Strephonema trees (33).

The distribution of this owl also includes central medium elevated forest (characterized by Garcinia, Cola digitata, Pavetta monticola cf. canthium, Chrysophyllum, Memecylon and Thecacoris membranacea) and old secondary forest characterized by the abundance of pioneer species like Funtumia africana and Pycnanthus angolensis (33, 34).

Recommended Citation

Freitas, B. and M. Melo (2023). Principe Scops-Owl (Otus bikegila), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (N. D. Sly, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.prisco1.01