SPECIES

Purple Finch Haemorhous purpureus Scientific name definitions

J. Timothy Wootton
Version: 1.0 — Published March 4, 2020
Text last updated January 1, 1996

References

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Literature Cited

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  • Groskin, H. (1941). The invasion and wing measurements of the eastern Purple Finch at Ardmore, PA, during the spring of 1939. Bird-Banding 12:8-16.
  • Groskin, H. (1950b). Banding 4,469 Purple Finches at Ardmore, PA. Bird-Banding 21:93-99.
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  • Kennard, J. H. (1975). Longevity records of North American birds. Bird-Banding 46 (1):55-73.
  • Kennard, J. H. (1977). Biennial rhythm in Purple Finch migration. Bird-Banding 48:155-157.
  • Knight, O. W. (1908). The birds of Maine. Bangor, ME: C. H. Glass & Co.
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  • Laskey, A. R. (1974). Longevity and movements of banded Purple Finches. Migrant 45:73-74.
  • Lawrence, L. de K. (1949a). Notes on nesting Pigeon Hawks on Pimisy Bay, Ontario. Wilson Bulletin 61:15-25.
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  • Magee, M. J. (1926). Summary of trapping and banding operations in northern Michigan. Wilson Bulletin 38:162-167.
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  • Magee, M. J. (1936b). The wing molt in Purple Finches. Bird-Banding 7:73-76.
  • Magee, M. J. (1940). Notes on the returns of the eastern Purple Finch (Carpodacus purpureus purpureus) and their sex ratio. Bird-Banding 11:110-111.
  • Magee, M. J. (1943). Seasonal changes in color of the gape of male Purple Finches. Auk 60:90.
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  • Popp, J. W. (1989b). Use of agonistic displays by Purple Finches during interspecific encounters. Bird Behavior 8:48-50.
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  • Stratton, L. (1967). Notes on nesting of Purple Finch at Oxford. Kingbird 17:19.
  • Straw, H. F. (1919). Purple Finches. Bird-Lore 21:165-166.
  • Thompson, E. E. (1894). Hybrid Pinicola enucleator + Carpodacus purpureus. Auk 11:1-3.
  • Townsend, C. W. (1924). Mimicry of voice in birds. Auk 41: 541–552.
  • Verner, J. and M. F. Willson. (1969). Mating systems, sexual dimorphism, and the role of male North American passerine birds in the nesting cycle. Ornithological Monographs 9.
  • Verner, J., and T. A. Larson (1989). Richness of breeding bird species in mixed-conifer forests of the Sierra Nevada, California. Auk 106:447-463.
  • Wayne, T. (1924b). An abnormal Purple Finch (Carpodacus purpureus purpureus). Auk 41:346.
  • Weaver, R. L. (1940). The Purple Finch invasion of northeastern United States and the maritime provinces in 1939. Bird-Banding 11:79-105.
  • Webster, C. P. (1898). Incidents in the lives of Purple Finches. Osprey 3:19.
  • Wellman, G. B. (1920). Dance of Purple Finch. Auk 37:584-585.
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  • Wetherbee, K. B. (1934). Some measurements and weights of live birds. Bird-Banding 5:55-64.
  • Wheelock, I. G. (1910). Birds of California. 2nd ed. Chicago: A. C. McClury and Co.
  • Whittle, C. L. and L. B. Fletcher. (1924). Further observations on the group habit among birds. Auk 41:327-333.
  • Widrlechner, M. P. and S. K. Dragula. (1984). Relation of cone-crop size to irruptions of four seed-eating birds in California. American Birds 38:840-846.
  • Williams, P. L., and W. D. Koenig (1980). Water dependence of birds in a temperate oak woodland. Auk 97:339–350.
  • Willson, M. F. (1972). Seed size preference in finches. Wilson Bulletin 84: 449–455.
  • Wootton, J. T. (1986). Clutch-size differences in western and introduced eastern populations of House Finches: patterns and hypotheses. Wilson Bulletin 98:459-462.
  • Wootton, J. T. (1987). Interspecific competition between introduced House Finch populations and two associated passerine species. Oecologia 71:325-331.
  • Worth, C. B. (1942). Ticks affecting birds' eyesight. Auk 59:576-577.
  • Yunick, R. P. (1983a). Age and sex determination of Purple Finches during the breeding season. North American Bird Bander 8:48-51.
  • Yunick, R. P. (1983c). Winter site fidelity of some northern finches (Fringillidae). Journal of Field Ornithology 54:254-258.
  • Yunick, R. P. (1987). Seven multiple-recapture encounters with banded birds. North American Bird Bander 12:60-63.
  • Yunick, R. P. (1991). Another assessment of gape color in the Purple Finch. North American Bird Bander 16:109-113.
  • Zuccon, D., R. Prys-Jones, P. C. Rasmussen, and P. G. P. Ericson (2012). The phylogenetic relationships and generic limits of finches (Fringillidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 62: 581–596.
  • Additional References

    • American Ornithologists' Union (1957). Check-list of North American Birds, 5th Edition. American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, DC, USA.
    • Anon. (1983). Check-List of North American Birds: the Species of Birds of North America from the Arctic through Panama, Including the West Indies and Hawaiian Islands. Sixth edition. American Ornithologists’ Union, Washington, D.C.
    • Arnaiz-Villena, A., J. Guillén, V. Ruiz-del-Valle, E. Lowy, J. Zamora, P. Varela, D. Stefani, and L. M. Allende (2001). Phylogeography of crossbills, bullfinches, grosbeaks, and rosefinches. Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences 58:1159–1166.
    • Arnaiz-Villena, A., Moscoso, J., Ruiz-del-Valle, V., Gonzalez, J., Reguera, R., Wink, M. and Serrano-Vela, J.I. (2007). Bayesian phylogeny of Fringillinae birds: status of the singular African Oriole Finch Linurgus olivaceus and evolution and heterogeneity of the genus Carpodacus. Acta Zool. Sinica 53: 826-834.
    • Bartleson, F.D. and Jensen, O.F. (1955). A study of Purple Finch winter weights. Wilson Bull. 67: 55-59.
    • Belthoff, J.R., Gauthreaux, S.A. and Hamilton, B. (1990). Breeding ranges of Carpodacus finches wintering in South Carolina. Chat. 54(3): 61-62.
    • Bent, A.C. and Austin, O.L. eds. (1968). Life histories of North American cardinals, grosbeaks, buntings, towhees, finches, sparrows and allies. Part 1. Order Passeriformes. Family Fringillidae. U.S. Natl. Mus. Bull. 237: 1-1889, pls. 1-78.
    • Blake, C.H. (1955). Notes on the eastern Purple Finch. Bird-Banding 26: 89-116.
    • Blake, C.H. (1962). Further notes on Purple Finches. Bird-Banding 33: 173-180.
    • Clement, P., A. Harris, and J. Davis (1993). Finches and Sparrows: An Identification Guide. Christopher Helm, London, UK.
    • Collister, D. (1989). Migration, wintering range, longevity and mortality of Alberta Purple Finches as evidenced by banding data. Alberta Bird Rec. 7: 3-8.
    • Covell, H.H. (1922). Home life of the Purple Finch. Bird-Lore. 24(4): 212-213.
    • Duvall, A.J. (1945). Variation in Carpodacus purpureus and C. cassinii. Condor 47: 202-205.
    • Gavareski, C. A. (1976). Relation of park size and vegetation to urban bird populations in Seattle, Washington. Condor 78:375-382.
    • Godfrey, W. E. (1986). The Birds of Canada. Revised edition. National Museum of Natural Sciences, National Museums of Canada, Ottawa, Canada.
    • Gorbeil, R.E. (1963). The comparative feeding behaviour of wintering Evening Grosbeaks and Purple Finches. Bird-Banding 34: 217-218.
    • Groskin, H. (1938). Eastern Purple Finches as bud-eaters. Bird-Banding 9: 199.
    • Groskin, H. (1950). Banding 4.469 Purple Finches at Ardmore, PA. Bird-Banding 21: 93-99.
    • Guillion, G.W. (1950). Carpodacus finches feeding on nectar. Auk 67: 398.
    • Hall, G.A. (1984). A long-term bird population study in an Appalachian spruce forest. Wilson Bull. 96: 228-240.
    • Howell, S. N. G., and S. Webb (1995). A Guide to the Birds of Mexico and Northern Central America. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.
    • Kennard, J.H. (1959). Occurrence of pink coloration in adult female Purple Finches. Auk 76: 55-73.
    • Kennard, J.H. (1977). Biennial rhythym in Purple Finch migration. Bird-Banding 48: 155-157.
    • Laskey, A.R. (1974). Longevity and movements of banded Purple Finches. Migrant 45: 73-74.
    • Magee, M.J. (1924). Notes on the Purple Finch (Carpodacus purpureus purpureus). Auk 41: 606-610.
    • Magee, M.J. (1936). The average age of the eastern Purple Finch: an estimate based on returns and recoveries. Bird-Banding 7: 161-162.
    • Magee, M.J. (1940). Notes on the returns of the Eastern Purple Finch (Carpodacus purpureus purpureus) and their sex ratio. Bird-Banding 11: 110-111.
    • Marten, J.A. and Johnson, N.K. (1986). Genetic relationships of North American cardueline finches. Condor 88: 409-420.
    • McCarthy, E. M. (2006) Handbook of avian hybrids of the world. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
    • McCarthy, E. M. (2006). Handbook of Avian Hybrids of the World. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
    • Morse, D. H. (1978). Populations of Bay-breasted and Cape May warblers during an outbreak of spruce budworm. Wilson Bulletin 90:404-413.
    • Morse, D. H. (1979a). Habitat use by the Blackpoll Warbler. Wilson Bulletin 91:234-243.
    • Salt, G.W. (1952). The relation of the metabolism to climate and distribution in three finches of the genus Carpodacus. Ecol. Monogr. 22: 121-152.
    • Shedd, D.H. (1990). Aggressive interactions in wintering House Finches and Purple Finches. Wilson Bull. 102: 174-178.
    • Sibley, D.A. (2000). The North American Bird Guide. Pica Press, Robertsbridge, UK.
    • Small, A.S. (1994). California Birds: their Status and Distribution. Ibis Publications Co., Vista, California.
    • Smith, B.T., Bryson, R.W., Chua, V., Africa, L. and Klicka, J. (2013). Speciational history of North American Haemorhous finches (Aves: Fringillidae) inferred from multilocus data. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 66(3): 1055–1059.
    • Thompson, E.E. (1894). Hybrid Pinicola enucleator × Carpodacus purpureus. Auk 11: 1-3.
    • Verner, J. and Wilson, M.F. (1969). Mating Systems, Sexual Dimorphism, and the Role of Male North American Passerine Birds in the Nesting Cycle. Ornithological Monographs 9. American Ornithologists’ Union, Lawrence, Kansas. 76 pp.
    • Wilbur, S.R. (1987). Birds of Baja California. University of California Press, Berkeley & Los Angeles, California.
    • Wootton, J.T. (1987). Interspecific competition between introduced House Finch populations and two associated passerine species. Oecologica (Berlin) 71: 325-331.
    • Wootton, J.T. (1996). Purple Finch (Carpodacus purpureus). No. 208 in: Poole, A.F. & Gill, F.B. eds. (1996). The Birds of North America. Vol. 6. The American Ornithologists’ Union & The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, Washington D.C. & Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
    • Yunick, R.P. (1983). Age and sex determination of Purple Finches during the breeding season. North Amer. Bird Bander 8: 48-51.
    • Yunick, R.P. (1983). Winter site fidelity of some northern finches (Fringillidae). J. Field Orn. 54: 254-258.

Recommended Citation

Wootton, J. T. (2020). Purple Finch (Haemorhous purpureus), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (A. F. Poole and F. B. Gill, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.purfin.01