SPECIES

Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinica

Richard L. West and Gene K. Hess
Version: 1.0 — Published March 4, 2020
Text last updated January 1, 2002

Tables and Appendices

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Appendix 1

Appendix. Linear measurements (mm) and mass (g) of Purple Gallinules. Data shown as mean ± SD (range, n). Linear data from GKH; mass from Ripley 1977 .

North and Central AmericaSouth America
AdultsImmaturesAdults
Wing length
Male174.4 ± 5.5 (157–186, 57)179.2 ± 8.5 (146–174, 11)176.1 ± 4.0 (169–181, 15)
Female171.4 ± 5.9 (155–181, 55)165.5 ± 10.0 (154–173, 3)168.8 ± 5.2 (160–178, 13)
Tail length
Male69.9 ± 7.4 (30–81, 49)66.1 ± 3.7 (61–75, 10)71.0 ± 4.2 (62–78, 15)
Female68.9 ± 6.0 (43–80, 48)66.0 ± 2.4 (63–68, 3)68.8 ± 4.7 (59–75, 12)
Tarsus length
Male58.9 ± 3.4 (52–73, 55)56.8 ± 4.4 (52–67, 12)60.4 ± 3.8 (50–66, 15)
Female57.3 ± 2.5 (51–62, 50)55.9 ± 1.5 (54–57, 3)57.9 ± 2.6 (53–60, 12)
Bill and shield length
Male47.6 ± 2.4 (42–53, 56)41.7 ± 1.9 (39–45, 12)48.7 ± 2.3 (46–54, 15)
Female44.8 ± 2.4 (36–50, 50)40.7 ± 1.7 (39–42, 3)46.5 ± 4.4 (42–58, 13)
Middle toe and claw length
Male75.7 ± 3.2 (70–84, 31)73.1 ± 4.1 (66–78, 6)76.5 ± 2.7 (73–81, 9)
Female73.9 ± 3.0 (69–81, 25)73.6 ± 1.5 (73–75, 2)72.5 ± 2.6 (68–76, 10)
Mass
Male(203–269)
Female(213–291)

  • Ripley 1977

Table 1

Food items from gizzards of 38 adult Purple Gallinules in Florida. Data shown as aggregate percent; from Mulholland and Percival 1982 .

AprSummerFallNov
Plants
Watershield (Brasenia scherberi)--5.5-
Sawgrass (Cladium jamaicense)trace4.50.2-
Cowlily (Nuphar luteum)56.437.748.8trace
Smartweed (Polygonium sp.)-trace10.887.5
Hydrilla (Hydrilla verticillata)--12.5
Other-0.30.5-
Animals
Arthropods43.533.921.1-
Mollusks, annelids-23.513.7-

  • Mulholland and Percival 1982

Table 2

Clutch-size variation in Purple Gallinule.

LocationMeanRangenSource
U.S.Usually 6–8Bent 1926
S. Texas6.54–1287Cottam and Glazener 1959
Louisiana4.53–612Bell 1976
Louisiana
Rice field6.74–1038Causey et al. 1968
LouisianaHelm 1982
Marsh5.83–832
Rice field8.62–1360
Florida5.5 ± 1.7 SD31DMNH(1)clutch sizes
S. Carolina6–8Sprunt 1949
Mexico4–8WFVZ(2), Howell and Webb 1995
Costa Rica3–7 (usually 4–5)Stiles and Skutch 1989
4.22–624Hunter 1986
Panama3.53–42Gross and Van Tyne 1929
Normal 4–5Wetmore 1965b
Colombia4–7Mckay 1981
Brazil4–8Sick 1993

  • (1)Delaware Museum of Natural History.(2)Western Foundation of Vertebrate Zoology.

Recommended Citation

West, R. L. and G. K. Hess (2020). Purple Gallinule (Porphyrio martinica), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (A. F. Poole and F. B. Gill, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.purgal2.01