SPECIES

Purple Martin Progne subis Scientific name definitions

Charles R. Brown, Daniel A. Airola, and Scott Tarof
Version: 2.0 — Published September 10, 2021

Tables and Appendices

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Table 1

Representative measurements (in mm; mass in g) of 3 subspecies of Purple Martins (from Behle 1968). Data shown as mean ± SD (range; n).

P. s. subisP. s. arboricolaP. s. hesperia
Wing length
Male144.2 ± 3.3 (134.3–151.9; 49)150.1 ± 2.4 (146.0–155.7; 31)139.5 ± 3.8 (132.0–146.5; 22)
Female141.0 ± 3.0 (136.1–146.4; 34)145.6 ± 3.1 (141.1–154.1; 17)136.4 ± 2.5 (132.6–140.2; 14)
Tail length
Male71.4 ± 2.5 (65.4–76.5; 49)74.8 ± 2.7 (70.0–79.7; 31)69.2 ± 2.4 (64.6–73.8; 22)
Female69.2 ± 3.2 (64.4–75.7; 34)70.7 ± 2.9 (66.2–77.7; 17)68.6 ± 2.0 (65.4–72.1; 15)
Exposed culmen length
Male11.4 ± 0.7 (10.0–12.8; 49)11.7 ± 0.6 (10.8–13.5; 30)11.4 ± 0.5 (10.0–12.0; 21)
Female11.2 ± 0.5 (10.0–12.5; 34)11.5 ± 0.5 (10.8–12.5; 17)11.2 ± 0.7 (10.0–12.5; 15)
Length of bill from nostril
Male8.8 ± 0.3 (8.3–9.4; 49)9.1 ± 0.5 (8.0–10.1; 26)8.7 ± 0.3 (7.8–9.3; 21)
Female8.7 ± 0.4 (7.9–9.4; 34)8.9 ± 0.5 (8.0–9.5; 15)8.7 ± 0.5 (8.2–9.6; 13)
Bill width
Male8.2 ± 0.6 (6.9–9.6; 49)8.8 ± 0.7 (7.5–10.4; 25)8.2 ± 0.4 (7.4–9.0; 22)
Female8.5 ± 0.6 (7.5–9.9; 34)8.6 ± 0.3 (8.0–9.6; 15)8.4 ± 0.6 (7.6–9.6; 13)
Tarsus length
Male15.6 ± 0.9 (14.3–18.2; 48)15.7 ± 1.2 (14.2–19.5; 30)16.1 ± 0.8 (15.0–17.4; 22)
Female15.4 ± 0.7 (13.5–16.6; 33)15.9 ± 1.3 (14.3–19.0; 15)15.4 ± 0.7 (14.4–17.1; 13)
Mass (g)
Male54.459.146.2

  • Behle 1968

Recommended Citation

Brown, C. R., D. A. Airola, and S. Tarof (2021). Purple Martin (Progne subis), version 2.0. In Birds of the World (P. G. Rodewald, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.purmar.02