Sand Lark Alaudala raytal Scientific name definitions

Prasad Ganpule and Per Alström
Version: 2.0 — Published May 7, 2022

Conservation and Management

Sand Lark is not globally threatened. It is included in Schedule IV of the Indian Wildlife Protection Act, 1972. The State of India's Birds report from 2020 says Sand Lark's distribution range size is moderate (217149 sq. km)(50). Its conservation status in Iran, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, and Bangladesh is not known.

Effects of Human Activity

There are no documented studies regarding the impact of human activities on the Sand Lark. It is likely that it is not really affected by anthropogenic pressures.

In Gujarat, Sand Lark's habitat of salt pans and mudflats along the coast is not well developed due to the terrain. However, ports and windmills are being constructed in some parts of the Sand Lark's habitat (PG). The effects of these developmental activities on Sand Lark populations are not known.

In other parts of the Sand Lark's range, pollution of large rivers in northern India is a problem. The effects of industrial pollutants and other contaminants on Sand Lark populations need to be studied. Developmental activities along rivers – especially the construction of dams and other reservoirs – could be affecting the Sand Lark since such constructions destroy their habitat.

It should be noted that much of Sand Lark's coastal and riverside habitat lies outside of protected areas. Thus, large parts of its habitat are susceptible to change due to human activities. Though listed as a species of low conservation concern, further studies are required to assess the impact of human activities on its population. It is likely that since the Sand Lark is tolerant of human presence, these activities may not affect the Sand Lark populations in these areas.


There are no documented efforts for the management of Sand Lark. The main focus of management efforts should be the protection of their habitat.

Recommended Citation

Ganpule, P. and P. Alström (2022). Sand Lark (Alaudala raytal), version 2.0. In Birds of the World (N. D. Sly, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.sanlar1.02