Sangkar White-eye Zosterops melanurus
Version: 2.0 — Published June 18, 2020
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Deciduous forest, broadleaf evergreen/semi-evergreen forest, and swamp-forest, as well as forest edge, secondary growth, woodland, farmland, thickets, all zones of mangroves (mature and regenerating), scrub, and wooded cultivation (orchards, parks, gardens, cardamon plantations). Birds also occupy open-strand woodlands, especially with stands of casuarinas (Casuarina), and coastal scrub of all kinds (BvB). A study from Subang in West Java reported higher densities in abandoned tea plantation (103-105 individuals/ha) compared to secondary forest (45 individuals/ha) surrounding the abandoned plantations (17). Birds are also reported from many urban area, including Bandung (18), Semarang (19), and Yogyakarta (13), although it is increasingly hard to find in the later.
Generally 200–1,600 m but locally in true lowlands in Java (BvB). Appears to avoid forest in higher altitude in Baluran (20). However, one study in Lawu, Central Java recorded its presence all the way to 2,700 m, where they overlapped with Warbling White-eye (Z. japonicus) between 2,200 and 2,700 m (21).