SPECIES

Secretarybird Sagittarius serpentarius Scientific name definitions

Alan C. Kemp, Guy M. Kirwan, David Christie, Jeffrey S. Marks, and Peter F. D. Boesman
Version: 1.1 — Published December 11, 2020

References

Welcome to Birds of the World!

You are currently viewing one of the free accounts available in our complimentary tour of Birds of the World. In this courtesy review, you can access all the life history articles and the multimedia galleries associated with this account.

For complete access to all accounts, a subscription is required.

Subscribe Now

Already a subscriber? Sign in

Literature Cited

Anderson, M. D., A. W. A. Maritz, and E. Oosthuysen (1999) Raptors drowning in farm reservoirs in South Africa. Ostrich 70: 139–144.https://doi.org/10.1080/00306525.1999.9634530

Anderson, M.D. (1998). The Karoo large terrestrial bird survey. Ostrich. P. 342 in:.https://doi.org/10.1080/00306525.1998.9639739

Ash, J. S., and J. Atkins (2009) Birds of Ethiopia and Eritrea: An Atlas of Distribution. Christopher Helm, London, UK.

Baker, N., Brouwer, J., Baker, L., Sinclair, T., Harebottle, D., and Buij, R. (2011). The status of the Secretarybird Sagittarius serpentarius with special reference to Tanzania and declines across the continent. A preliminary report to the UK CITES Scientific Authority (Fauna).

Brown, L. H., E. K. Urban, and K. Newman (1982). The Birds of Africa. Volume 1. Academic Press, London & New York.

Carswell, M., D. Pomeroy, J. Reynolds, and H. Tushabe (2005). The Bird Atlas of Uganda. British Ornithologists' Club and British Ornithologists' Union, Oxford, UK.

Davies, G.P.D., Retief, E.F. and Smit-Robinson, H. (2014). Snakes in the diet of Secretarybirds Sagittarius serpentarius: an example from Balfour, Mpumalanga. Ornithological Observations. 5: 361-364.

Demey, R., Kirwan, G.M. and Lack, P. (2011). Africa Round-up. Category changes of threatened birds. Bull. African Bird Club. 18(2): 138.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (2006). A Contribution to the Ornithology of Malawi. Tauraco Research Report 8. Tauraco Press, Liège, Belgium.

Ferguson-Lees, J., and D. A. Christie (2001). Raptors of the World. Christopher Helm, London, United Kingdom.

Ferguson-Lees, J., and D. A. Christie (2001). Raptors of the world. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, USA.

Herholdt, J. J. and Anderson, M. D. (2006). Observations on the population and breeding status of the African White-backed Vulture, the Black-chested Snake Eagle, and the Secretarybird in the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. Ostrich. 77(3&4): 127–135.

Hofmeyr, S.D., Symes, C.T. and Underhill, L.G. (2014). Secretarybird Sagittarius serpentarius population trends and ecology: insights from South African citizen science data. PLOS One. 9(5): e96772.

Kemp, A.C. (1994). Family Sigittariidae (Secretarybird). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott , A., Sargatal, J. Eds. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Vol. 2 Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Morlan, J. and Scott, S. (2016). Photospot: Infanticide in the Secretary-bird Sagittarius serpentarius in Tanzania. Bull. Afr. Bird Club. 23(1): 99–103.

Newman, D. (2013). 500 Common Bird Calls in Southern Africa. Struik Nature, Cape Town, South Africa.

Tarboton, W. (2001). A Guide to the Nests and Eggs of Southern African Birds. Struik Publishers Ltd, Cape Town, South Africa.

Thiollay, J.-M. (2006). The decline of raptors in West Africa: long-term assessment and the role of protected areas. Ibis. 148(2): 240–254.https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1474-919X.2006.00531.x

Thiollay, J.-M. (2007). Raptor declines in West Africa: comparisons between protected, buffer and cultivated areas. Oryx. 41(3): 322-329.

van Someren, V. G. L. (1956). Days with birds: studies of habits of some East African species. Fieldiana Zoology 38:1–520.https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/21311#page/17/mode/1up

Åkesson, S. (1991). Secretary Bird Sagittarius serpentarius feeding on Marsh Warblers Acrocephalus palustris in Tsavo, Kenya. Scopus. 15: 46-47.

Additional References

Bannerman, D. A. (1953). The Birds of West and Equatorial Africa. 2 volumes. Oliver & Boyd, Edinburgh & London, UK.

Barnard, P. and Simmons, R. (1985). Birds of prey of Giant's Castle Game Reserve. Bokmakierie. 37: 104-107.

Benirschke, R.J. (1977). Karyological difference between Sagittarius and Cariama. Experientia. 33(8): 1021–1022.

Benson, C. W., and F. M. Benson (1977). The Birds of Malawi. Montfort Press, Limbe, Malawi.

Brooke, R.K. and Hodgson, C.J. (1971). Winter food of the Secretarybird as revealed by pellets. Bull. Brit. Orn. Club. 91: 121-125.

Brothers, S. (1975). The Secretary Bird. E. Cape Naturalist. 54: 14-19.

Brown, L. H. (1952). On the biology of the large birds of prey of the Embu District, Kenya Colony. Ibis 94(4): 577–620.

Brown, L. H., E. K. Urban, and K. Newman (1982). The Birds of Africa. Volume 1. Academic Press, London, UK & New York, USA.

Brown, L.H. (1955). Supplementary notes on the biology of the large birds of prey of the Embu District, Kenya Colony. Ibis. 97(1/2): 38-64, 183-221.

Brown, L.H. and Amadon, D. (1968). Eagles, Hawks and Falcons of the World. Country Life Books, Feltham.

Burton, P. and Boyer, T. (1989). Birds of Prey. Gallery Books, New York.

Colahan, B.D. and Ferreira, N.A. (1992). Golf-balls and Secretary Birds. Gabar. 7: 28.

Cracraft, J. (1981). Toward a phylogenetic classification of the recent birds of the world (Class Aves). Auk. 98(4): 681–714.

Day, D. (1984). Secretary Bird (R 105) vs Tawny Eagle (R 134). Witwatersrand Bird Club News Sheet. 124: 14.

de Swardt, D.H. (1990). Growth and behaviour of Secretary Bird nestlings. Gabar. 5: 22.

Feduccia, A. and Voorhies, M. (1989). Miocene hawk converges on Secretarybird. Ibis. 131(3): 349-354.

ffrench-Constant, P. (1985). Entanglement of a Secretarybird in telephone wires. Honeyguide. 31: 51-52.

Fry, C.H. (1977). Etymology of “Secretary Bird”. Ibis. 119(4): 550.

Ginn, P.J., McIlleron, W.G. and Milstein, P.le S. (1989). The Complete Book of Southern African Birds. Struik Publishers Ltd, Cape Town.

Griffiths, C.S., Barrowclough, G.F., Groth J.G. and Mertz, L.A. (2007). Phylogeny, diversity, and classification of the Accipitridae based on DNA sequences of the RAG-1 exon. Journal of Avian Biology. 38(5): 587-602.

Haagner, A.K. (1913). The Secretary Bird (Serpentarius serpentarius Miller). J. South African Orn. Union. 9: 107-110.

Hartley, R. (1992). Kori Bustard and Secretarybird electrocuted. Honeyguide. 37: 179.

Hendry, M. (1960). Call of the Secretary Bird. J. East Afr. Nat. Hist. Soc.. 23: 217.

Karmali, J. and Karmali, J. (1968). A study of the Secretary Bird. Bokmakierie. 20: 63-65.

Kemp, A.C. (1985). Secretary-bird. Page 527 in: Campbell & Lack (1985).

Kemp, A.C. (1995). Aspects of the breeding biology and behaviour of the Secretarybird Sagittarius serpentarius near Pretoria, South Africa. Ostrich. 66(2-3): 61-68.

Kemp, M.I. and Kemp, A.C. (1978). Bucorvus and Sagittarius: two modes of terrestrial predation. Pp. 13-16 in: Kemp, A.C. ed. (1978). Proceedings of a Symposium on African Predatory Birds. Northern Transvaal Ornithological Society, Pretoria.

Koyama, T., Kumada, M., Ochi, R., Nakagawa, S. and Tashiro, K. (1971). [Trichomonas gallinae found in Secretary Birds (Serpentarius secretarius)]. Japanese Journal of Parasitology. 20: 495-498. In Japanese with English summary.

Macdonald, I.A.W. and Gargett, V. (1984). Raptor density and diversity in the Matopos, Zimbabwe. Pp. 287-308 in: Ledger (1984).

Mackworth-Praed, C. W., and C. H. B. Grant (1957–1973). African Handbook of Birds. Longman, London & New York.

Maclean, G. L. (1993). Roberts’ Birds of Southern Africa. Sixth edition. John Voelcker Bird Book Fund & New Holland, Cape Town, South Africa.

Maloiy, G.M.O., Warui, C.N. and Clemens, E.T. (1987). Comparative gastrointestinal morphology of the Kori Bustard and Secretary Bird. Zoo Biology. 6: 243-251.

Miller, W.T. (1947). The Secretary Bird. Afr. Wildl.. 1: 38-45.

Mourer-Chauviré, C. and Cheneval, J. (1983). Les Sagittariidae fossiles (Aves, Accipitriformes) de l'Oligocène des Phosphorites du Quearcy et du Miocène Inférieur de Saint-Gérand-le-Puy. Geobios. 16: 443-459.

Mundy, P.J. (1988). Some recent bird strikes on aeroplanes in Zimbabwe. Honeyguide. 35: 66.

Newman, K.B. (1970). Display of male Secretary Bird. Witwatersrand Bird Club News Sheet. 69: 17.

Pickford, P., B. Pickford, and W. R. Tarboton (1989). Southern African Birds of Prey. Struik, Cape Town, South Africa.

Pinto, A. A. da Rosa (1983). Ornitologia de Angola. Volume 1. Non Passeres. Instituto de Investigação Científica Tropical, Lisboa, Angola.

Read, M. (1987). The Secretary Bird - aristocrat of the savannah. Swara. 10: 13-14.

Renshaw, G. (1917). The Secretary Bird. Avicult. Mag.. 8: 334-341.

Roberts, A. (1940). The Birds of South Africa. Witherby, London.

Rutgers, A. and Norris, K.A. (1970). Encyclopaedia of Aviculture. Blandford Press, London.

Searle, R. (1992). Diet of the Secretarybird. Witwatersrand Bird Club News Sheet. 158: 12.

Sibley, C. G., J. E. Ahlquist, and B. L. Monroe (1988). A classification of the living birds of the world based on DNA-DNA hybridization studies. Auk 105(3):409–423.

Sibley, C.G. and Ahlquist, J.E. (1990). Phylogeny and Classification of Birds: a Study in Molecular Evolution. Yale University Press, New Haven & London.

Smeenk, C. (1974). Comparative ecological studies of some East African birds of prey. Ardea. 62(1): 1–97.

Spawls, S. (1986). The Secretary Birds and the snake. Babbler. 11: 28-30.

Steyn, P. (1959). A peep at the Kalahari. Bokmakierie. 11: 11-13.

Steyn, P. (1961). Observations on the Secretary Bird. Afr. Wildl.. 15: 191-198.

Steyn, P. (1961). Secretary Bird by flashlight. Bokmakierie. 13: 19-20.

Steyn, P. (1982). Birds of Prey of Southern Africa. Their Identification & Life Histories. David Philip, Cape Town, South Africa.

Steyn, P. and Myburgh, N. (1991). Notes made at two Secretarybird nests. Birding in SA. 44: 19-21.

Tarboton, W. R., and D. G. Allan (1984). The Status and Conservation of Birds of Prey in the Transvaal. Transvaal Museum Monograph 3. Transvaal Museum, Pretoria, South Africa.

Todd, W. (1988). Hand-rearing the Secretary Bird Sagittarius serpentarius at Oklahoma City Zoo. Int. Zoo Yb.. 27: 258-263.

van der Heiden, H. (1992). Secretarybird death. Honeyguide. 38: 119.

van Someren V. G. L (1956). Kenya Tawny Pipit. Fieldiana Zoology 38:236–239.https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/21311#page/17/mode/1up

Wennrich, G. (1984). First captive breeding of the Secretary Bird Sagittarius serpentarius at the Walsrode Bird Park. Int. Zoo Yb.. 23: 64-66.

Recommended Citation

Kemp, A. C., G. M. Kirwan, D. A. Christie, J. S. Marks, and P. F. D. Boesman (2020). Secretarybird (Sagittarius serpentarius), version 1.1. In Birds of the World (S. M. Billerman and B. K. Keeney, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.secret2.01.1