Species names in all available languages
|English (United States)||Spiny Babbler|
|French||Cratérope du Népal|
|Spanish (Spain)||Turdoide nepalí|
Carol Inskipp and Hem S. Baral revised the account. Tammy Zhang curated the media, and Gracey Brouillard copyedited the account.
Turdoides nipalensis (Hodgson, 1836)
- nipalense / nipalensis
The Key to Scientific Names
Spiny Babbler Turdoides nipalensis Scientific name definitions
Version: 2.0 — Published May 7, 2022
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Diet and Foraging
Main Foods Taken
The Spiny Babbler’s chief diet is given as insects (8).
Microhabitat for Foraging
Forages almost entirely on the ground, searching under low bushes and occasionally appearing in the open, sometimes to peck at a patch of dried cow dung or turn over dead leaves.
Food Capture and Consumption
It mainly forages on the ground or within a meter of the ground amongst low vegetation, chiefly shrubs, searching for insects. It also flits from branch to branch on trees up to 10 m high, foraging for fruit, nectar, and invertebrates, especially caterpillars. It usually does not go to the top of taller trees for foraging (32). It will disappear at the least disturbance, only to venture out again a few minutes later (3).
Major Food Items
In one long-term study, 2,295 food items (from 316 birds) consisted of 86% invertebrates and 14% fruit and seeds. Invertebrate food items included the following: 13% beetles (Coleoptera), 13% bugs (Hemiptera), 12% Lepidoptera, 10% annelid worms, 9% Orthoptera, 5% earwigs (Dermaptera), 3% dragonflies and damselflies (Odonata), 3% homopteran bugs, 3% termites (Isoptera), and 15% other or unidentified invertebrates. The vegetable matter consisted of barberry and purple berry (Berberis sp.), fig and banyan (Ficus sp.), and rice seeds (Oryza sp.), with flower petals and other vegetable remains, all in fairly equal proportions (32). However, this information requires further confirmation.
Food Selection and Storage
Nutrition and Energetics
Metabolism and Temperature Regulation
Drinking, Pellet-Casting, and Defecation