Spix's Macaw Cyanopsitta spixii Scientific name definitions

Christopher J. Sharpe, Guy M. Kirwan, Nigel Collar, and Peter F. D. Boesman
Version: 2.1 — Published June 27, 2022

Diet and Foraging


Major Food Items

The recorded diet consists of seeds of Jatropha pohliana and Cnidoscolus phyllacanthus, fruits of Ziziphus joazeiro and Maytenus rigida, as well as fruits and/or seeds of Melanoxylon sp., with less certain reports of Geoffroea spinosa and the licuri palm Syagrus coronata (17, 18, 30, 31, 13).

Drinking, Pellet-Casting, and Defecation

Reiser (25) proffered the first observation of this species visiting water to drink, apparently arriving at such sites from great distance, and in the 1990s the last wild bird was regularly seen drinking from small pools (e.g., residual pools in seasonally flowing streams) (13).

Recommended Citation

Sharpe, C. J., G. M. Kirwan, N. Collar, and P. F. D. Boesman (2022). Spix's Macaw (Cyanopsitta spixii), version 2.1. In Birds of the World (G. M. Kirwan, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.spimac1.02.1