Spix's Macaw Cyanopsitta spixii Scientific name definitions

Christopher J. Sharpe, Guy M. Kirwan, Nigel Collar, and Peter F. D. Boesman
Version: 2.1 — Published June 27, 2022



Spix's Macaw inhabits gallery woodland  dominated by caraiba (Tabebuia caraiba) trees (36, 37, 34, 19) along small (mostly seasonal) rivers within the caatinga dry scrub zone, dominated locally by Jatropha and Cnidoscolus (Euphorbiaceae), along with Caesalpinia, Ziziphus, and various cacti such as Cereus squamosus, Pilocereus gounellei and Opuntia spp. (17, 18, 27, 31, 13). Earlier reports of an association with stands of buriti palms (Mauritia flexuosa) in the Cerrado biome (21, 23, 33, 38) are now known to be unfounded and the product of past misidentifications (13).

Recommended Citation

Sharpe, C. J., G. M. Kirwan, N. Collar, and P. F. D. Boesman (2022). Spix's Macaw (Cyanopsitta spixii), version 2.1. In Birds of the World (G. M. Kirwan, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.spimac1.02.1