Kashmir Nutcracker Nucifraga multipunctata
Version: 1.1 — Published April 16, 2020
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Split fairly recently (4, 7, 8) from Eurasian Nutcracker (N. caryocatactes) (including hemispila), although sometimes still treated as conspecific (9). According to del Hoyo and Collar (8), differs from N. c. caryocatactes in its broad white spotting covering entire body apart from crown ; much darker brown crown, hence contrasting with paler brown back ; and much longer tail [effect size 6.95; score 3], and differs from N. c. hemispila in its broad white spotting covering the entire body apart from the crown ; darker brown body plumage (although this apparent only as dark edges to bold white markings) ; and longer tail [effect size 2.25; score 2] (all scores in brackets are based on application of criteria of Tobias et al. ); moreover, it appears to be parapatric with N. c. hemispila in the northwestern Himalayas beyond the Pir Panjal Range.