- Mongolian Short-toed Lark
 - Mongolian Short-toed Lark
 - Mongolian Short-toed Lark
 - Mongolian Short-toed Lark

Mongolian Short-toed Lark Calandrella dukhunensis Scientific name definitions

Per Alström and Sundev Gombobaatar
Version: 2.0 — Published September 17, 2021
Revision Notes

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The Mongolian Short-toed Lark is a small lark that breeds on the steppes of the eastern half of Mongolia and neighboring parts of China and Russia. Its breeding range is poorly known, and has until recently been misinterpreted to encompass much of the Tibetan Plateau, where the bird is a common passage migrant. It winters in India, mainly in the southern part, although its winter distribution is very imperfectly known.

This species was previously treated as a subspecies of Greater Short-toed Lark (C. brachydactyla), but molecular data have shown that it is anciently diverged from Greater short-toed Lark and that it is in fact more closely related to Hume's Lark (C. acutirostris) (1, 2, 3). Additionally, the song, calls and song-flight have been shown to differ markedly from those of Greater Short-toed Lark (4).

In the nonbreeding season, it is highly gregarious, often forming large flocks.

Distribution of the Mongolian Short-toed Lark - Range Map
  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding
Distribution of the Mongolian Short-toed Lark

Recommended Citation

Alström, P. and S. Gombobaatar (2021). Mongolian Short-toed Lark (Calandrella dukhunensis), version 2.0. In Birds of the World (S. M. Billerman and B. K. Keeney, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.sstlar4.02