Mongolian Short-toed Lark Calandrella dukhunensis Scientific name definitions

Per Alström and Sundev Gombobaatar
Version: 2.0 — Published September 17, 2021

Diet and Foraging

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The diet of this species is unstudied.


Main Foods Taken

Arthropods and seeds.

Food Capture and Consumption

It forages on the ground, either slowly and methodically, by pecking and occasionally by digging with its bill, or by quickly running around and stopping and pecking. The latter method is more commonly seen in large flocks.


No study has been carried out on its diet, but it is presumably basically similar to that of Greater Short-toed Lark (Calandrella brachydactyla). In Mongolia, adults have been seen to feed on insects such as small orthopterans, crane flies, and others, and in autumn, migrating flocks have been noted to forage on seeds; e.g., Leymus spp., Artemisia spp., Carex spp. and Chenopodium spp. Young birds in the nest have been observed to be fed by unidentified insect larvae. (GS)

Drinking, Pellet-Casting, and Defecation


During the breeding season, birds come singly or two or three together to drink at pools and other water sources in the morning and late afternoon. In the autumn, large flocks gather to drink at small pools, lakes, temporary ponds, and shallow running water, usually from 7:00 to 11:00.

Recommended Citation

Alström, P. and S. Gombobaatar (2021). Mongolian Short-toed Lark (Calandrella dukhunensis), version 2.0. In Birds of the World (S. M. Billerman and B. K. Keeney, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.sstlar4.02