Mongolian Short-toed Lark Calandrella dukhunensis Scientific name definitions

Per Alström and Sundev Gombobaatar
Version: 2.0 — Published September 17, 2021


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Habitat in Breeding Range

The following is based on 4. In Mongolia, Mongolian Short-toed Lark breeds on open dry sandy steppe with somewhat sparse short grass (Leymus spp., Stipa spp.), Carex spp., and low herbs (e.g. Artemisia spp.), and often scattered low bushes (e.g. Caragana spp.), sometimes taller grass (e.g. Achnatherum splendens). It appears to favor reddish-brown or sandy soil with the vegetation dominated by Leymus chinensis, Caragana stenophylla and Carex duriuscula in east Mongolia; Stipa krylovii, Achnatherum splendens and Caragana stenophylla in the Darkhan area, Hentii Province; and Stipa krylovii, Carex sp. and Caragana leucophloea near Ugii Lake, Arkhangai Province.

In the Darkhan area in Khentii Province, Mongolia, it favours dry steppe with chea grass Achnatherum splendens (GS).

Habitat in Nonbreeding Range

On migration in Mongolia it can be found in various open habitats with abundant seedy plants and water resources, from mountain steppe to desert steppe (4), and it is found in similar habitats on migration in China (PA). In winter in India, it has been recorded in various open habitats, such as stony and short-grass areas, fallow cultivation, weedy areas, stubble paddy fields, and dry mudflats (10).

Recommended Citation

Alström, P. and S. Gombobaatar (2021). Mongolian Short-toed Lark (Calandrella dukhunensis), version 2.0. In Birds of the World (S. M. Billerman and B. K. Keeney, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.sstlar4.02