Mongolian Short-toed Lark Calandrella dukhunensis Scientific name definitions

Per Alström and Sundev Gombobaatar
Version: 2.0 — Published September 17, 2021

Movements and Migration

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Wholly migratory.

Migration Overview

It migrates between breeding grounds in Mongolia to winter quarters in southern India.

Timing and Routes of Migration

The routes and phenology are not well known and poorly studied. It arrives at the breeding sites in late April to early May and leaves by late September to early October (GS). It appears to migrate through China mainly from late March/early April to mid-May and in the last third of August to early/mid Octoberl (4). In the Beijing area in China it is mainly found from early April to early May, peaking in mid-April (4, 21). It occurs in India from September to April (10).

Migratory Behavior

Large post-breeding flocks of up to more than 1,000 individuals are recorded in east and south-east Mongolia in late August and early September, often in mixed flocks with Horned Larks (Eremophila alpestris) and Mongolian Larks (Melanocorypha mongolica) (4; GS).

Recommended Citation

Alström, P. and S. Gombobaatar (2021). Mongolian Short-toed Lark (Calandrella dukhunensis), version 2.0. In Birds of the World (S. M. Billerman and B. K. Keeney, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.sstlar4.02