SPECIES

Mongolian Short-toed Lark Calandrella dukhunensis Scientific name definitions

Per Alström and Sundev Gombobaatar
Version: 2.0 — Published September 17, 2021

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Adult
Adult
Adult
Juvenile
Adult
Adult
Adult
Habitat
Mongolian Short-toed Lark in fresh juvenile plumage; lateral view.
Mongolian Short-toed Lark in fresh juvenile plumage; dorsal view.
Mongolian Short-toed Lark in fresh juvenile plumage; frontal view.
Mongolian Short-toed Lark in fresh adult (definitive) plumage; lateral view.

Most of the head and body feathers, median and inner greater coverts and all tertials except the longest one (s7) are newly molted after a prealternate (pre-breeding) molt.

Mongolian Short-toed Lark in fresh adult (definitive) plumage; lateral view.

Most of the head and body feathers, but no secondary coverts or tertials (except the second innermost tertial [s9] on the right wing [barely visible]) are newly molted after a prealternate (pre-breeding) molt.

Mongolian Short-toed Lark in fresh adult (definitive) plumage after a prealternate (pre-breeding) molt; frontal view.

Note the warm buffish breast contrasting with more grey-brown crown (cf. Greater Short-toed Lark).

Mongolian Short-toed Lark in rather fresh adult (definitive) plumage; frontal view.

Note the warm buffish breast contrasting with more grey-brown crown (cf. Greater Short-toed Lark). During the breeding period the forehead and anterior crown can be virtually unstreaked.

Mongolian Short-toed Lark in rather fresh adult (definitive) plumage; lateral view.
Mongolian Short-toed Lark in worn (one new tertial) adult (definitive) plumage; lateral view.
Mongolian Short-toed Lark in slightly worn adult (definitive) plumage; lateral view.

Note the buffish breast contrasting with more grey-brown upperparts (cf. Greater Short-toed Lark).

Mongolian Short-toed Lark in fresh adult (definitive) plumage after a prealternate (pre-breeding) molt; frontal view.

Note the warm buffish breast contrasting with more grey-brown crown (cf. Greater Short-toed Lark).

Mongolian Short-toed Lark in fresh adult (definitive) plumage after a prealternate (pre-breeding) molt, displaying tail pattern.
Mongolian Short-toed Lark in fresh adult (definitive) plumage after prealternate (pre-breeding) molt, displaying wing pattern.
Mongolian Short-toed Lark near the end of the preformative (postjuvenile) molt, with juvenile secondary and inner median coverts clearly visible (other median coverts missing).
Mongolian Short-toed Lark in fresh adult (definitive) plumage.

Most of the head and body feathers, median and inner greater coverts and the second innermost tertial (s9) are newly molted after a prealternate (pre-breeding) molt.

Mongolian Short-toed Lark in fresh adult (definitive) plumage.

Most of the head and body feathers, inner greater coverts and second and third (s8–9) tertials are newly molted after a prealternate (pre-breeding) molt.

Mongolian Short-toed Lark in fresh adult (definitive) plumage.

Most of the head and body feathers, inner greater coverts and second and third (s8–9) tertials are newly molted after a prealternate (pre-breeding) molt (s8 is still growing, as is the central rectrix, r1).

Mongolian Short-toed Lark in fresh adult (definitive) plumage after a prebasic (post-breeding) molt.
Mongolian Short-toed Lark in fresh adult (definitive) plumage after a prebasic (post-breeding) molt.
Breeding habitat of Mongolian Short-toed Lark.
Dust-bathing.
Male in rather fresh adult (definitive) plumage displaying to a female.
Male in rather fresh adult (definitive) plumage displaying to a female.
Male in rather fresh adult (definitive) plumage displaying to a female.
Nest with chicks; general view.
Nest with eggs.
Nest with eggs.
Nest with chicks.
Fledgling.

Macaulay Library Photos for Mongolian Short-toed Lark

Top-rated photos submitted to the Macaulay Library via eBird. Note: Our content editors have not confirmed the species identification for these photos.

Recommended Citation

Alström, P. and S. Gombobaatar (2021). Mongolian Short-toed Lark (Calandrella dukhunensis), version 2.0. In Birds of the World (S. M. Billerman and B. K. Keeney, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.sstlar4.02