West Indian Woodpecker Melanerpes superciliaris

Robert A. Askins, Michael E. Akresh, and William K. Hayes
Version: 2.0 — Published October 29, 2020

About the Author(s)

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About the Author(s)

Robert A. Askins is Katharine Blunt Professor Emeritus of Biology at Connecticut College, where he taught courses in ecology, animal behavior, conservation biology, and ornithology. He received a B.S. from the University of Michigan and M.S. and Ph.D. from the University of Minnesota. He compared the ecology of temperate-zone and tropical woodpeckers for his doctoral dissertation. Most of his subsequent research has focused on the ecology and conservation of migratory birds in their northern breeding areas and tropical wintering areas. He also studied species that are restricted to early successional habitats, and he recently collaborated in a study of the ecology of West Indian Woodpeckers. In 2000 he published Restoring North America’s Birds (Yale University Press), a book on the ecology and conservation of North American birds. He also published a book on ecology of temperate deciduous forests (Saving the World’s Deciduous Forests, Yale University Press, 2014).

Michael E. Akresh is Core Faculty in the Environmental Studies Department at Antioch University New England. He received a B.S. from the University of Michigan, and an M.S. and Ph.D. from the University of Massachusetts Amherst. His teaching and research interests focus on wildlife management, applied statistics, ornithology, tropical ecology and conservation, and citizen science. Starting with his Ph.D. research, he has spent a number of field seasons studying birds in the Caribbean, including working with West Indian Woodpeckers in The Bahamas.

William K. Hayes is a biology professor at Loma Linda University, California. He earned B.S. and M.S. degrees from Walla Walla University, Washington, and a Ph.D. from University of Wyoming. He and his students primarily study venomous animals, including rattlesnakes, spiders, scorpions and centipedes. They also examine the behavioral ecology and conservation of endangered reptiles and birds, with emphases in the biodiversity hotspots of California, the Caribbean Islands, and the Galapagos Islands. He has taken a special interest in the genus Melanerpes, in particular morphological variation associated with island colonization, and he has studied the ecology of West Indian Woodpeckers on San Salvador. He co-edited several volumes, including Iguanas: Biology and Conservation, The Biology of Rattlesnakes, and The Biology of Rattlesnakes II.

Recommended Citation

Askins, R. A., M. E. Akresh, and W. K. Hayes (2020). West Indian Woodpecker (Melanerpes superciliaris), version 2.0. In Birds of the World (T. S. Schulenberg and B. K. Keeney, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.weiwoo1.02