SPECIES

West Indian Woodpecker Melanerpes superciliaris

Robert A. Askins, Michael E. Akresh, and William K. Hayes
Version: 2.0 — Published October 29, 2020

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Male West Indian Woodpecker (left) with male Northern Flicker (right).
Male West Indian Woodpecker (upper right) with male Northern Flicker (lower left).
Male.

Males have pale or dark red nasal tufts, with the forehead, cheeks, and sides of forecrown buffy white. The crown, nape, and hindneck are red with a narrow black supercilium from around the eye backwards along side of mid-crown. The upperparts are buffy or yellowish white (whiter when worn) barred with black.

Male.

Secondaries and tertials are black barred with white, with black primaries tipped white (when fresh) and white at bases forming a patch.

Male.

Secondaries and tertials are black barred with white, with black primaries tipped white (when fresh) and white at bases forming a patch. The rump is relatively less barred, with white uppertail coverts with narrow black horseshoe markings.

Male.

The chin and throat are pale gray to whitish, tinged buffy or yellow brown. Underparts are grayish; the breast strongly tinged buffy brown, becoming paler olive-yellow on lower breast, with the central belly tinged red to orange red. The flanks and undertail coverts are whitish with black arrowhead barring.

Female.
Female.
Male (subspecies nyeanus).
Male and female (subspecies nyeanus).
Male (subspecies blakei).
Female (subspecies blakei).
Juvenile (subspecies blakei).
Male (subspecies superciliaris).
Female (subspecies superciliaris).
Male (subspecies murceus).
Male (subspecies murceus).
Male (subspecies caymanensis).
Female (subspecies caymanensis).
Juveniles (subspecies caymanensis).
Exemplar palm habitat: Matanzas, Cuba.
Exemplar forest habitat: North Side, Cayman Islands.
Foraging in epiphyte.
Foraging at large fruit.
Foraging at cashew nut.
Foraging.
Foraging in for berries.
Drinking at bromeliad.
Possible territorial interaction between females.
Possible territorial interaction between females.
Aggressive posture with American Kestrel (Falco sparverius).
Male at cavity.
Male at possible nest site.
Male at cavity.
Cavity in utility pole.
Male at cavity.
Male at cavity.

Recommended Citation

Askins, R. A., M. E. Akresh, and W. K. Hayes (2020). West Indian Woodpecker (Melanerpes superciliaris), version 2.0. In Birds of the World (T. S. Schulenberg and B. K. Keeney, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.weiwoo1.02