SPECIES

White-backed Black-Tit Melaniparus leuconotus

Jason Anderson
Version: 2.0 — Published September 17, 2020

Habitat

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Habitat

White-backed Black-Tit is a bird of varied highland forest and bush, restricted to the Afrotropical Highlands Biome (7). Forest types that are occupied include mixed Juniperus (procera)-Olea-Podocarpus woodland (6, 7, 9, 8, 3, 1, 23), Hagenia forests (6, 9, 1, 23), Arundinaria highland bamboo (6, 7, 9, 8), and also Ficus sycomorus (3). Spottiswoode et al. also note it can be found in wooded gardens in Addis Ababa (1). At higher altitudes it occupies giant heath forest (6, 7), Hypericum-bamboo (6), and Euphorbia (7). Harrap and Quinn (6) and Tesfahunegny (24) both note that it has a preference for the valleys of small streams, Fry et al. (9) note a preference for bushy wooded valleys and gorges, and Vivero Pol notes a preference for mountain valleys and gorges (23). Also found in "acacias" (17, p. 175), probably Senegalia sp. (evidence of this in online photo repositories). In Eritrea it has also been observed on steep mountainsides and gorges among degraded Olea-Podocarpus-Opuntia (‘prickly pear’) scrub (JA). The majority of images of the species on eBird where habitat type can be confirmed depict it in Juniperus procera dominant forest.

With regard to altitude range it most commonly occurs between 1,800m and 3,200 m (6), although records exist as low as 1,370 m, near Jima, Ethiopia (6) and as high as 3,500 m (23).

Habitat in Breeding Range

Data deficient. It is not known whether habitat preferences differ between breeding and non-breeding seasons.

Habitat in Nonbreeding Range

Data deficient. It is not known whether habitat preferences differ between breeding and non-breeding seasons.

Recommended Citation

Anderson, J. (2020). White-backed Black-Tit (Melaniparus leuconotus), version 2.0. In Birds of the World (S. M. Billerman and B. K. Keeney, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.whbblt1.02