White-backed Black-Tit Melaniparus leuconotus

Jason Anderson
Version: 2.0 — Published September 17, 2020

Movements and Migration

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Poorly known. Most sources indicate that it is resident year round in known locations. Ash and Atkins (7) note no seasonal movements. Shelley (16, p. 226) notes it was "certainly a resident" in Shoa, and no movement is documented by Harrap and Quinn (6) or Fry et al. (9), who note resident and "presumed to be sedentary" (p. 93). Four records from near Adi Keyh, Eritrea documented by Anderson and Berhane (3) involved observations from January, February, April, and October within a 15 km radius at 2,000-2,600m, supporting the hypothesis that the species is largely resident there. Nonetheless, there is a single curious record that provides some evidence of movement (although not necessarily seasonal) provided by Ash (25), who documented a bird ringed at Addis Ababa in 1975 that was recovered dying at Awasa, Sidamo 223 km southwest of Addis (altitude 1,700 m, although bird may have been found elsewhere) in 1983. This may represent seasonal movement, response to food availability, or simply evidence of gradual movement over the 8 years of the bird's life, thus no firm conclusions can be drawn here.

Dispersal and Site Fidelity

No information.

Migration Overview

No information.

Recommended Citation

Anderson, J. (2020). White-backed Black-Tit (Melaniparus leuconotus), version 2.0. In Birds of the World (S. M. Billerman and B. K. Keeney, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.whbblt1.02