White-backed Black-Tit Melaniparus leuconotus

Jason Anderson
Version: 2.0 — Published September 17, 2020


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Literature Cited

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2. Johansson, U. S., J. Ekman, R. C. K. Bowie, P. Halvarsson, J. I. Ohlson, T. D. Price and P. G. P. Ericson. (2013). A complete multilocus species phylogeny of the tits and chickadees (Aves: Paridae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 69 (3):852-860.

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5. Guérin-Méneville, F. E. (1843). Oiseaux nouveaux d’Abyssinie. Revue Zoologique 6: 161-162.https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/2214#/summary

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7. Ash, J. S., and J. Atkins (2009). Birds of Ethiopia and Eritrea: An Atlas of Distribution. Christopher Helm, London, United Kingdom.

8. Friedmann, H. (1937). Birds collected by the Childs Frick expedition to Ethiopia and Kenya Colony. Part 2. Passeres. U.S. National Museum Bulletin 153 (i–xii): 1–506.https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/32704#page/7/mode/1up

9. Fry, C. H., S. Keith, and E. K. Urban eds. (2000). The Birds of Africa. Volume 6. Picathartes to Oxpeckers. Academic Press, London.

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14. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood (2019). The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/

15. Gill, F., D. Donsker, and P. Rasmussen, Editors (2020) IOC World Bird List v10.1.https://doi.org/10.14344/IOC.ML.10.1

16. Shelley, G. E. (1900). The Birds of Africa, vol. 2. R. H. Porter, London.

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18. Redman, N., T. Stevenson, and J. Fanshawe (2011). Birds of the Horn of Africa: Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti, Somalia and Socotra. 2nd edition. Christopher Helm, London.

19. Asefa, A. (2015). Bird observations in Muktar Mountain Forest, eastern Ethiopia: a previously unidentified Important Bird Area. Bulletin of the African Bird Club 22(1):36–42.

20. Husein, Z. J., and M. S. Dalu (2019). Species composition and relative abundance of birds at Arbegona, Geremba Mountain Fragment Forest, Southern Ethiopia. Advances in Life Science and Technology 71:1-7.https://doi.org/10.7176/ALST

21. Aynalem, S. (2017). Birds of Lake Tana Sub-basin. In Social and Ecological System Dynamics: Characteristics, Trends, and Integration in the Lake Tana Basin, Ethiopia. (K. Stave, G. Goshu, and S. Aynalem, Editors), Springer, Cham, Switzerland. pp. 179-206.https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-45755-0

22. Finsch, O. (1870). On a collection of birds from North-Eastern Abyssinia and the Bogos Country. Zoological Society of London, London.https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.56295

23. Vivero Pol, J. L. (2001). A Guide to Endemic Birds of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Shama Books, Addis Ababa.

24. Tesfahunegny, W. (2016). A catalogue for endemic birds of Ethiopia. The Journal of Zoology Studies 3(4):1-25.

25. Ash, J. S. (1994). Bird-ringing recoveries from Ethiopia and Eritrea 2. Scopus 17: 113-118.

26. Gosler, A. G. and P. Clement. (2007). "Family Paridae (tits and chickadees)." In Handbook of the Birds of the World, edited by J. del Hoyo, A. Elliot and D. Christie. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions.

27. Neumann, O. (1906). Vögel von Schoa und Süd-Äthiopien. Journal of Ornithology 54(3): 229-300. In German.

28. Smith, K. D. (1957) An annotated check list of the birds of Eritrea [Part 2]. Ibis 99: 307–337.https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1474-919X.1957.tb01952.x

29. BirdLife International (2016). Melaniparus leuconotus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22711845A94310272. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22711845A94310272.enhttps://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22711845A94310272.en

Additional References

Ash, J. S., and T. M. Gullick (1989). The present situation regarding the endemic breeding birds of Ethiopia. Scopus 13:90–96.

Harrap, S. (1996). The vocalisations of African black tits (Parus niger complex). Bulletin of the African Bird Club 3:99-104.

Mackworth-Praed, C. W., and C. H. B. Grant (1973). Birds of West Central and Western Africa. Volume 2. African Handbook of Birds Series 3. Longmans, Green and Co., London, United Kingdom.

Pol, J. L. V. (2001). A Guide to Endemic Birds of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Shama Books, Addis Ababa.

Rüppell, E. (1845). Systematische Uebersicht der Vögel Nord-Ost-Afrika’s nebst Abbildungen und Beschreibungen von fünfzig theils unbekannten, theils noch nicht bildlich dargestellten Arten. Schmerber’sche Buchhandlung, Frankfurt am Main, Germany. In German.

Sinclair, I., and P. Ryan (2003). A Comprehensive Illustrated Field Guide: Birds of Africa South of the Sahara. Struik Publishers, Cape Town.

Urban, E. K., and L. H. Brown (1971) A checklist of the birds of Ethiopia. Haile Sellassie I University Press, Addis Ababa.

Recommended Citation

Anderson, J. (2020). White-backed Black-Tit (Melaniparus leuconotus), version 2.0. In Birds of the World (S. M. Billerman and B. K. Keeney, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.whbblt1.02