White-crowned Manakin Dixiphia pipra
Version: 2.0 — Published April 2, 2020
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Diet and Foraging
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Diet and Foraging
Kirwan and Green (65) assembled a résumé of existing knowledge. The species’ diet is reasonably well known, based on studies in eastern Ecuador, whereas data from elsewhere have been largely collected incidentally, or as part of studies on interactions between a specific plant species and the avian community in the area, rather than as an investigation into the broader dietary spectrum of the manakin. Furthermore, foraging behavior appears to have never been subject to detailed observation.
Main Foods Taken
Small fruits and insects, although there are no specific data concerning the latter, and the species is presumed to be largely frugivorous based on the available data (65); once flower parts, perhaps ingested incidentally (65).
Microhabitat for Foraging
Food Capture and Consumption
Foraging behavior is very poorly known, and is only described on the basis of anecdotal observations. Items are plucked or snatched from the vegetation during rapid aerial sallies (65).
Major Food Items
In French Guiana fruits taken are mainly those of Melastomataceae, with Rubiaceae next in importance (67), and Tostain (68) mentioned this species also taking berries of a Norantea sp. (Marcgraviaceae) in the same country. Melastomes are also important in other parts of the species’ range; for example, in eastern Ecuador, where a total of 44 species of fruit have been recorded in the diet (69), it is one of the few bird species to eat berries of Miconia fosteri and M. serrulata (Melastomataceae) (70), while in Costa Rica it takes fruits of the genera Cephaelis and Psychotria (Rubiaceae), and Phytolacca (Phytolaccaceae) (3). Seeds of a Rubiaceae (Pagamea plicata) have also been recorded as stomach contents of this species in southern Venezuela (9). Other specific dietary items mentioned in the literature (all from eastern and northern Brazil) include Heliconia acuminata (Heliconiaceae) (71), Miconia ciliata (Melastomataceae), Symphonia globulifera (Clusiaceae), Inga sp., Pterocarpus officinalis (Fabaceae), Piper aduncum (Piperaceae), Euterpe oleracea (Arecaceae), and Psidium guajava (Myrtaceae) (72, 73).