SPECIES

White-crowned Manakin Dixiphia pipra

Guy M. Kirwan, David Snow, and Andrew J. Spencer
Version: 2.0 — Published April 2, 2020

Diet and Foraging

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Diet and Foraging

Kirwan and Green (65) assembled a résumé of existing knowledge. The species’ diet is reasonably well known, based on studies in eastern Ecuador, whereas data from elsewhere have been largely collected incidentally, or as part of studies on interactions between a specific plant species and the avian community in the area, rather than as an investigation into the broader dietary spectrum of the manakin. Furthermore, foraging behavior appears to have never been subject to detailed observation.

Feeding

Main Foods Taken

Small fruits and insects, although there are no specific data concerning the latter, and the species is presumed to be largely frugivorous based on the available data (65); once flower parts, perhaps ingested incidentally (65).

Microhabitat for Foraging

Jullien and Thiollay (66) and Hilty (13) noted that White-crowned Manakin occasionally joins mixed-species flocks in the understory.

Food Capture and Consumption

Foraging behavior is very poorly known, and is only described on the basis of anecdotal observations. Items are plucked or snatched from the vegetation during rapid aerial sallies (65).

Diet

Major Food Items

In French Guiana fruits taken are mainly those of Melastomataceae, with Rubiaceae next in importance (67), and Tostain (68) mentioned this species also taking berries of a Norantea sp. (Marcgraviaceae) in the same country. Melastomes are also important in other parts of the species’ range; for example, in eastern Ecuador, where a total of 44 species of fruit have been recorded in the diet (69), it is one of the few bird species to eat berries of Miconia fosteri and M. serrulata (Melastomataceae) (70), while in Costa Rica it takes fruits of the genera Cephaelis and Psychotria (Rubiaceae), and Phytolacca (Phytolaccaceae) (3). Seeds of a Rubiaceae (Pagamea plicata) have also been recorded as stomach contents of this species in southern Venezuela (9). Other specific dietary items mentioned in the literature (all from eastern and northern Brazil) include Heliconia acuminata (Heliconiaceae) (71), Miconia ciliata (Melastomataceae), Symphonia globulifera (Clusiaceae), Inga sp., Pterocarpus officinalis (Fabaceae), Piper aduncum (Piperaceae), Euterpe oleracea (Arecaceae), and Psidium guajava (Myrtaceae) (72, 73).

Recommended Citation

Kirwan, G. M., D. Snow, and A. J. Spencer (2020). White-crowned Manakin (Dixiphia pipra), version 2.0. In Birds of the World (S. M. Billerman, B. K. Keeney, and T. S. Schulenberg, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.whcman2.02