White-headed Woodpecker Dryobates albolarvatus

Jeffrey M. Kozma, Teresa J. Lorenz, Martin G. Raphael, Kimball L. Garrett, and Rita D. Dixon
Version: 2.0 — Published July 9, 2020


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Figures from this Account

White-headed Woodpecker distribution.
Figure 1. White-headed Woodpecker: annual cycle of breeding and molt.

Annual cycle of breeding and molt for the White-headed Woodpecker, generalized to the latitudinal center of this species’ range (n. California to central Oregon). This species does not migrate. Thick lines show peak activity; thin lines, off-peak.

Figure 2. White-headed Woodpecker foraging on pine cones.

Sequence of 4 foraging positions on cone of Jeffrey pine, taken from photographs by KLG in San Gabriel Mtns., CA. Drawing by Jonathan K. Alderfer.

Figure 3. Typical foraging position and excavation on cone of sugar pine.

White-headed Woodpeckers excavate unopened cones of this and other pine species, extracting seeds prior to normal seed shed. Foraging woodpeckers often assume positions that minimize contact with sap-laden sugar pine cones. Drawing by Jonathan K. Alderfer.

Figure 4. Common vocalizations of the White-headed Woodpecker.

(A) Three-note Double Call: pee-dink or chick-it-up. (B) Two-note Double Call: pee-dink or peek it. (C) Kweek call: kweek kweek... or oin oin... (D) Wad Call: tyet tyet... or chuf chuf... (E) Begging Calls from nestlings about 15 days old. (F) Drumming. Sonogram (A) recorded in Cascade Mtns., OR, by B. Ward; (B)-(F) recorded in San Gabriel Mtns., CA, by M. C. Wimer. Produced by Borror Laboratory of Bioacoustics, Ohio State University.

Recommended Citation

Kozma, J. M., T. J. Lorenz, M. G. Raphael, K. L. Garrett, and R. D. Dixon (2020). White-headed Woodpecker (Dryobates albolarvatus), version 2.0. In Birds of the World (P. G. Rodewald and B. K. Keeney, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.whhwoo.02