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Editor's Note: This is a shorter format account, originally published in HBW Alive. Please consider contributing your expertise to update and expand this account.
White-shouldered Tanager is fairly common throughout most of its large range. They occur in humid forest of the lowlands and foothills, where they can be found in borders, open woodland, and interior forest. Pairs or family groups frequently join mixed foraging flocks. Most commonly, they are found foraging at the midlevels, but they also frequent the subcanopy and lower growth. They glean and flutter for insects and small fruit. Males are jet black with obvious white shoulders, whereas females have an olive-green back, yellow belly, gray head, and whitish throat. Their calls are a constant though easily overlooked series of short, high, rising notes.
The scientific name Tachyphonus luctuosus comes from the Greek takhus which means fast and phonos which mean speaking, and luctuosus which means mournful, from lugere to mourn (Jobling 2010). The common name in Spanish is Tangara Luctuosa (Hilty 2011, de Juana et al 2012)
Editor's Note: This article requires further editing work to merge existing content into the appropriate Subspecies sections. Please bear with us while this update takes place.Race nitidissima distinctive, differing in its yellow to dull orange central crown in male (3); greyish vs dark irides (1); white vs pale bluish-grey panel on lower mandible (1); slightly larger size (based on published evidence (1); allow 1); but seemingly not in voice, although more research desirable. Five subspecies recognized.
Tachyphonus luctuosus axillaris Scientific name definitions
Tachyphonus luctuosus nitidissimus Scientific name definitions
Tachyphonus luctuosus panamensis Scientific name definitions
Tachyphonus luctuosus luctuosus Scientific name definitions
Tachyphonus luctuosus flaviventris Scientific name definitions
Editor's Note: Additional distribution information for this taxon can be found in the 'Subspecies' article above. In the future we will develop a range-wide distribution article.