White-tailed Iora Aegithina nigrolutea
Version: 2.0 — Published October 22, 2020
Conservation and Management
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Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Locally common in northern India; the status elsewhere uncertain, but probably more common than suggested by records. In the 1940s, it was reported as common and widely distributed in Kachchh district of Gujarat, on the west side of its “core” range; degradation of woody cover of this arid region presumed to have had some impact, but no evidence that any fundamental change of status has occurred in that area. Outside core range, known from just a handful of records, but thought strongly likely to have been passed over as Common Iora.
It is included in the Schedule IV of the Indian Wildlife Protection Act, 1972. The State of India's Birds Report 2020 lists it as a species of 'Low' conservation concern. Its distribution status is given as moderate (84,090 km2; 31).
Conservation status in Sri Lanka is not known. In Sri Lanka, it is a range restricted species and it may be more vulnerable, with the population being limited only to certain areas.
Effects of Human Activity
There are no documented studies on impacts of human activities on the White-tailed Iora. However, the cutting of thorn scrub to make way for agricultural land and industrial projects (windmills) in Kachchh in Gujarat is a cause for concern (36). The loss of habitat is likely to adversely affect its population in these areas.
Threats to its habitat in other parts of India have not been documented. In India, it has also not been assessed as to how much of its habitat lies outside protected areas versus how much of its habitat is in protected areas. Though it is listed as a species of low conservation concern, the destruction of its habitat will likely affect this species adversely.
Effects of human activity in Sri Lanka not documented. However, most sightings in Sri Lanka are in protected areas.
There are no documented efforts for the management of this species. Primarily, protection of its habitat should be the main focus in management efforts for the White-tailed Iora.