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Yellow-bibbed Fruit-Dove Ptilinopus solomonensis Scientific name definitions

Josep del Hoyo, Luis F. Baptista, Nigel Collar, Pepper W. Trail, Guy M. Kirwan, H. M. Horblit, and Ernest Garcia
Version: 1.0 — Published March 4, 2020
Text last updated March 16, 2019

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Editor's Note: This is a shorter format account, originally published in HBW Alive. Please consider contributing your expertise to update and expand this account.

Taxonomic note: Lump. This account is a combination of multiple species accounts originally published in HBW Alive. That content has been combined and labeled here at the subspecies level. Moving forward we will create a more unified account for this parent taxon. Please consider contributing your expertise to update this account.

Identification

Yellow-bibbed Fruit-Dove (Geelvink)

21 cm. Small, compact-bodied and short-tailed fruit-dove ; male has dark green head and upperparts, white-and-yellow breastband , large mauve belly patch surrounded by dark green, bright yellow undertail-coverts and scarcely visible grey tailband; iris golden-yellow, orbital skin bluish green behind eye and yellow in front, bill sage-green to greyish green with paler grey or yellow tip, and legs and feet deep bluish purple. Female is basically all green, with some yellow mottling on belly, thighs and breast-sides, and paler yellow undertail-coverts; iris deep orange-yellow, orbital skin powder blue, and bill, legs and feet as male. Juvenile apparently undescribed. Resembles formerly conspecific P. solomonensis (see Taxonomy comments), especially P. s. ocularis (of Guadalcanal, in Solomons), but purple crown patch reduced to a dark spot in front of eye, lacks blue scapular spots and broad crescent-shaped breastband is only yellow in centre, being white at sides; smaller than P. s. ocularis (wing 106–112 mm, versus 126–134 mm). P. prasinorrhous occurs sympatrically on Bay Is, but is larger, has markedly different underparts pattern, and also has different head and bill patterns; P. rivoli also occurs on Numfor and Padaido, but is larger with a more massive bill, with large red crown patch in male and no yellow undertail-coverts in female.

Yellow-bibbed Fruit-Dove (Yellow-banded)

19–22 cm; 83–112 g. General plumage dark green, forehead and front of crown mauve, broad yellow crescent-shaped band across breast, vent and undertail-coverts bright yellow, large mauve-pink patch on lower breast and belly, dark blue spots on scapulars, and has indistinct grey terminal tailband, best seen from below; eyes dull golden-yellow; bill greyish green with bluish-green orbital skin behind eye and yellow in front; legs and feet dark reddish purple. Female lacks colourful cap and breast patch; green with yellow on lower belly and undertail-coverts; iris deep orange-yellow, orbital skin powder blue, and bill, legs and feet as male. Juvenile resembles adult female but has yellow fringes to most feathers, especially wing-coverts, tertials, breast and belly; juvenile male may have some purple on forehead; iris pale yellow, orbital skin pale greenish to purplish blue, bill dull green with darker cere and fuscous tip, and legs and feet dull reddish brown. Confusion species include P. rivoli (female/juvenile of present species smaller, with yellow eyes, greyish-green bill and extensive blue-green orbital skin), P. viridis (different underparts pattern), female P. superbus (yellow undertail-coverts and vent of present species separate them) and P. insolitus (lack of knob on bill and quite different underparts pattern). Races differ mainly in amount and shade of mauve on cap: race johannis has large pale lilac-mauve cap that reaches beyond level of eyes, paler mauve belly patch separated from yellow breastband by purplish band, and is smaller than nominate (wing 115–126 mm); race meyeri also has extensive cap, but a more extensive and deeper yellow breastband and even more obsolete grey tailband (wing 114–128 mm); race neumanni is like previous race, but has shorter bill (15–16 mm, versus 17–18·5 mm), with larger bill and feet than nominate (wing 127–134 mm); race bistictus has cap separated into large supraloral spots, which almost meet above bill, and is generally paler, especially green on flanks and upperparts, and yellow of breast and undertail-coverts (wing 124–133 mm); race vulcanorum has large purple cap, more violet-coloured belly patch, green upperparts more olivaceous, and scapular spots larger and more numerous (wing 118–129 mm); race ocularis is especially distinctive in having no cap, only a small supraloral spot, green irides, slightly narrower yellow breastband, and is larger than nominate (wing 126–134 mm); race ambiguus has larger purple supraloral spots than previous race and these can meet on forehead, while belly patch is paler and green upperparts and flanks richer and more olive (wing 112–127 mm); and race solomonensis has broader belly patch and more prominent dark band below yellow breastband (wing 110–129 mm).

Systematics History

Editor's Note: This article requires further editing work to merge existing content into the appropriate Subspecies sections. Please bear with us while this update takes place.

Yellow-bibbed Fruit-Dove (Geelvink)

Hitherto treated as a race of P. solomonensis but differs on account of its broad white lower border and outer edges to yellow breastband (vs all-yellow breastband) (3); mauve-purple belly patch clearly separated from breastband (connected in all other forms) by a narrow belt of the green that flanks the mauve (2); stronger emerald-green “hood” from nape around upper breast, a distinctly greener shade than the green of the back, wings and belly (2); no small indigo spots on upperparts (ns[1]); dark purplish preocular spot (or loral spot) vs paler purplish preocular area extending to above eye in solomonensis races ocularis and bistictus (larger area in other races, becoming fuller purplish cap in some) (ns[2]); significantly shorter wing and smaller size (at least 1). Monotypic.

Yellow-bibbed Fruit-Dove (Yellow-banded)

Hitherto considered to include P. speciosus; P. solomonensis differs on account of its all-yellow vs white-edged breastband (3); mauve-purple belly patch connected to breastband vs clearly separated from it by a narrow belt of the green (2); paler green “hood” from nape around upper breast (2); presence of indigo spots on upperparts (ns[1]); a paler purplish preocular area extending to above eye in solomonensis races ocularis and bistictus (larger in other races, becoming fuller purplish cap in some) vs a dark purplish preocular spot (or loral spot) (ns[2]); significantly longer wing and larger size (at least 1). Closely related to P. rivoli, and more distantly to P. superbus (and P. temminckii) (1); previously thought also to be allied to P. viridis and P. eugeniae. Eight subspecies recognized.

Subspecies


EBIRD GROUP (MONOTYPIC)

Yellow-bibbed Fruit-Dove (Geelvink) Ptilinopus solomonensis speciosus Scientific name definitions

Distribution
Islands of Numfor, Biak, Padaido (Traitor’s I) and Marai (near Yapen), in Geelvink Bay (NW New Guinea).

EBIRD GROUP (POLYTYPIC)

Yellow-bibbed Fruit-Dove (Yellow-banded) Ptilinopus solomonensis [solomonensis Group]


SUBSPECIES

Ptilinopus solomonensis johannis Scientific name definitions

Distribution
Admiralty Is, St Matthias Group and New Hanover (Bismarck Archipelago).

SUBSPECIES

Ptilinopus solomonensis meyeri Scientific name definitions

Distribution
satellite islands off New Britain (Crown, Long, Tolokiwa, Umboi, Malai, Sakar, Witu, Watom).

SUBSPECIES

Ptilinopus solomonensis neumanni Scientific name definitions

Distribution
Nissan I, in Green Is (between New Ireland and Bougainville).

SUBSPECIES

Ptilinopus solomonensis bistictus Scientific name definitions

Distribution
Buka, Bougainville and Shortland Is (N Solomons).

SUBSPECIES

Ptilinopus solomonensis vulcanorum Scientific name definitions

Distribution
Vella Lavella, Kolombangara, Rendova, Vangunu and Nggatokae, in New Georgia Group (C Solomons); also Florida Is and probably this subspecies in Russell Is and Ramos (2) (SC Solomons).

SUBSPECIES

Ptilinopus solomonensis ocularis Scientific name definitions

Distribution
Guadalcanal (SE Solomons).

SUBSPECIES

Ptilinopus solomonensis ambiguus Scientific name definitions

Distribution
Malaita (E Solomons).

SUBSPECIES

Ptilinopus solomonensis solomonensis Scientific name definitions

Distribution
Makira (San Cristobal), Uki and Three Sisters (2) (SE Solomons).

Distribution

Yellow-bibbed Fruit-Dove (Geelvink)

Islands of Numfor, Biak, Padaido (Traitor’s I) and Marai (near Yapen), in Geelvink Bay (NW New Guinea).

Habitat

Yellow-bibbed Fruit-Dove (Geelvink)

A forest species , but no specific information available. Recorded between sea-level and 300 m.

Yellow-bibbed Fruit-Dove (Yellow-banded)

Typically found on outlying islands, rather than large land masses and on larger islands it is often restricted to old-growth montane forest, whereas on smaller islands it will also occur in secondary habitats. Inhabits lowland forest, including secondary forest and gardens, in most of its range. On many larger islands in Solomons, occurs only above c. 600 m (e.g. at 700–1500 m on Bougainville, 600–1565 m on Guadalcanal, and above 730 m on Kolombangara), where it replaces P. superbus and P. viridis; however, it is common down to sea-level on Malaita and Makira, both of which are among the archipelago’s larger islands. On Kolombangara it is described as most common on montane ridges at 1100–1200m (3).

Migration Overview

Yellow-bibbed Fruit-Dove (Geelvink)

Presumably sedentary.

Yellow-bibbed Fruit-Dove (Yellow-banded)

No definite information, but is perhaps only a non-breeding visitor to the main island of New Britain.

Diet and Foraging

Yellow-bibbed Fruit-Dove (Geelvink)

Frugivorous, but details of diet and foraging behaviour unrecorded.

Yellow-bibbed Fruit-Dove (Yellow-banded)

Frugivorous, but no detailed information on diet, though typically takes fruits and berries up 21 mm in diameter. Feeds in both trees and shrubs, always in their canopy; most frequently found singly and in pairs, but is occasionally observed in small flocks at fruiting trees, including sometimes with other pigeons.

Sounds and Vocal Behavior

Yellow-bibbed Fruit-Dove (Geelvink)

Song a series of 7–8 doubled “hoo” notes that accelerates slightly, e.g. “hoo-woo hoo-woo hoo-woo...”; on Biak I, one male heard to give a song starting two quiet ticking notes (potentially inaudible at any distance), followed by an upslurred note.

Yellow-bibbed Fruit-Dove (Yellow-banded)

Produces a slightly accelerating series of cooing notes that rise in volume, trail off and then accelerate again at end, “hu, hoo, hoo-hoo-hoo-hoo-hoo-ho-ho-ho-hu-hu-u-u-uuuuu” (Makira, nominate solomonensis), while a long drawn-out “coo-o-ooo” repeated at frequent intervals has also been recorded (Bougainville, em>bistictus) (4); in addition, series of uniform “hoo” or “woop” notes have been recorded, often doubled when heard at close range. Race vulcanorum on Kolombangara has been reported to be most vocal predawn and during daylight hours with some calling during the night (3).

Breeding

Yellow-bibbed Fruit-Dove (Geelvink)

Virtually nothing known, beyond that the species constructs a typical fragile platform of twigs and vine tendrils placed in a shrub or understorey tree. Clutch one white egg.

Yellow-bibbed Fruit-Dove (Yellow-banded)

Reported to breed throughout the year in Bismarck Archipelago, while nests on Bougainville and Nisan have been recorded in Aug and Apr, and on Makira in Jul. Typical flimsy fruit-dove nest in tall tree or shrub, sited 3–15 m above the ground; at one nest being built, only male was observed bringing material. Lays single creamy-white egg.

Conservation Status

Yellow-bibbed Fruit-Dove (Geelvink)

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Population believed to be stable, but no estimates of overall size. Described as common on Biak (4). Overall range is just 2900 km².

Yellow-bibbed Fruit-Dove (Yellow-banded)

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Locally common, e.g. on Bougainville and Makira, and in the mountains of Guadalcanal and Kolombangara (3), while in the Admiralty Is, the species is common on Tong, but not on Manus. Status on New Britain uncertain but it may only be a vagrant there (see Movements). It is typically found on small outlying islands (and may occur on many other islands where not yet recorded), making it locally vulnerable to extensive habitat loss and degradation, but some races at least seem well able to adapt to degraded habitat.

Recommended Citation

del Hoyo, J., L. F. Baptista, N. Collar, P. W. Trail, G. M. Kirwan, H. M. Horblit, and E. F. J. Garcia (2020). Yellow-bibbed Fruit-Dove (Ptilinopus solomonensis), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (S. M. Billerman, B. K. Keeney, P. G. Rodewald, and T. S. Schulenberg, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.ybfdov1.01