The Key to Scientific Names


(works mentioned or quoted in the text of the Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology, and unquoted primary and secondary sources, excluding original scientific descriptions and generic diagnoses)

Jump to: A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z


Abbott, I.  2009.  Aboriginal names of bird species in south-west Western Australia, with suggestions for their adoption into common usage.  Conservation Science W. Austr. 7 (2), 213-278.

Aclogue, A. 1895-1900. Faune de France, contenant la description des espèces indigènes. Paris.

Adanson, M. 1757. Histoire naturelle du Sénégal. Avec la relation abrégée d’un voyage fait en ce pays pendant…1749-1753. Paris.

Aelian (Claudius Aelianus). c. 200 AD. De natura animalium.

Agassiz, L. 1842-1846. Nomenclator Zoologicus, continens nomina systematica generum animalium tam viventium quam fossilium, secundum ordinem alphabeticum disposita, adjectis auctoribus, libris, in quibus reperiuntur, anno editionis, etymologia et familiis, ad quas pertinent, in singulis classibus. Jent & Gassmann, Solothurn.

Agassiz, L. 1846. Nomenclatoris Zoologici. Index Universalis. Solothurn.

Albertus Magnus (Albert de Bollstädt, Bishop of Ratisbon). 1479. De Animalibus. Tom. XXIII, De Avibus. Rome.

Albertus Magnus. Bishop of Ratisbon. 1519 (ed. M. A. Zimara). Divi Alberti Magni de Animalibus libri vigintisex novissime impressi. Venice.

Albin, E. 1731-1738. Natural history of birds. London.

Aldrovandus, U. 1599-1603. Ornithologia. Bologna.

Alexander, J. E. 1838. An expedition …into the interior of Africa, through …the countries of the Great Namaquas, Boschmans and Hill Damaras, &c.

Alexander, W. B. 1954. Birds of the ocean. 2nd ed. Putnams.

Ali, S. 1949. Indian hill birds. Oxford U. P., Bombay.

Ali, S., and Ripley, S. D. 1968-1974. Handbook of the birds of India and Pakistan together with those of Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan and Ceylon. Vol.1-10. Oxford U.P., Bombay.

Aliandro, H. 1972. Dicionario de bolso dos linguas Portuguesa e Inglesa. McGraw Hill, Rio de Janeiro.

Allaby, M. (ed.) 1991. The concise Oxford dictionary of zoology. Oxford U. P.

Allen, D. E. 2010. Books and Naturalists. Collins (The New Naturalist Library no. 112).

Allen, J. A. 1908. A list of the genera and subgenera of North American birds, with their types, according to Article 30 of the International Code of Zoölogical Nomenclature. Bull. American Museum of Natural History, 24 (1), 1-50.

Allen, J. A. 1910. Collation of Brisson’s genera of birds with those of Linnaeus. Bull. American Mus. Nat. Hist., 28, Art. 27, 317-335.

Allen, J. A. 1911. Mathews’s Proposed Changes in the Nomenclature of Birds. Auk, 28, 495-498.

Allen, P. (ed.). 1814. History of the Expedition under the Command of Captains Lewis and Clark (written by Nicholas Biddle).

Allen, R. E., Edmonds, D. J., and Sykes, J. B. (eds.) 1990. The Oxford dictionary for writers and editors. Oxford U. P.

Alphéraky, S. 1905. The Geese of Europe and Asia being the description of most of the Old World species. Rowland Ward, London.

Alvarado, R. 1915. Los colibris mexicanos. Boletin de la Dirección de Estudios Biológicos. Mexico, 1 (1), p. 87.

Alvarenga, H., and Brettas, E. 2004. Tucanos das Américas – Toucans of the Americas. M. Pontual Edições e Arte, Rio de Janeiro.

Amadon, D., and Bull, J. 1988. Hawks and owls of the world : a distributional and taxonomic list. Proc. Western Foundation of Vertebrate Zoology, 3 (4), 294-357.

Ambrose, C. T. 2010. Darwin’s historical sketch – an American predecessor: C. S. Rafinesque. Archives of Natural History, 37, 191-202.

American Ornithologists’ Union. 1889. Checklist of North American birds. Abridged ed. AOU.

American Ornithologists’ Union. 1983. Checklist of North American birds. (6th ed). AOU.

American Ornithologists’ Union. 1998. Check-list of North American birds. (7th ed.). AOU.

Anderson, J. 1746. Nachrichten von Island, Grönland und der Strasse Davis zum wahren Nutzen der Wissenschaften und der Handlung … Nebst einem Vorberichte von den Lebensumständen des Herrn Verfassers. Hamburg.

Andersen, M. J., Shult, H. T., Cibois, A., Thibault, J.-C., Filardi, C. E., and Moyle, R. G. 2015. Rapid diversification and secondary sympatry in Australo-Pacific kingfishers (Aves: Alcedinidae: Todiramphus). Royal Society Open Science, 2, 140375. DOI: 10.1098/1505.140375.

Anderson, N. 1965. Scientific bird names. Bokmakierie, 17, 7-9.

Andrew, D. G. 1990. Shearwaters, sirens and halcyons. Brit. Birds, 83, 334–335.

Andrews, J. R. H. 1986. The Southern Ark. Zoological Discovery in New Zealand 1769-1900. Century Hutchinson N. Z.

Anker, J. 1938. Bird books and bird art. An outline of the literary history and iconography of descriptive ornithology based principally on the collection of books containing plates with figures of birds and their eggs now in the University Library at Copenhagen and including a catalogue of these works. Levin & Munksgaard, Copenhagen [facsimile 1973, Dr W Junk B V., The Hague].

Antinori, O. 1864. Catalogo descrittivo di una collezione di uccelli fatta da Orazio Antinori nell’interno dell’Affrica centrale nord dal Maggio 1859 al Juglio 1861. Milan.

Apstein, C., and Wasikowski, K. 1938. Periodica Zoologica. Abkürzungsverzeichnis der Wichtigsten Zeitschriften-Titel aus dem Gebiet der Zoologie und ihrer Grenzgebiete. Akademische Verlags GmbH, Leipzig.

Aristophanes. c.414 BC. Ornithes [trans. ‘Aristophanes II. The birds’, B. B. Rogers (1924), Harvard U. P.]

Aristotle. c. 322 BC. Historia animalium (Ton peri ta zoia historion ) [trans. ‘Aristotle History of Animals, books VII-X’, D. M. Balme (1991), Harvard U. P.].

Arnone, M., and Orlando, V. E. 1990. I tipi delle raccolte del Museo Civico di Terrasini. 1o Contributo: Aves. Naturalista Siciliana, ser. 4, 14 (1-2), 25-32.

Arnott, W. G. 2007. Birds in the Ancient World from A to Z. Routledge/Taylor & Francis.

Ashmolean Museum. 1836. A Catalogue of the Ashmolean Museum, descriptive of the Zoological Specimens, Antiquities, Coins, and Miscellaneous Curiosities. Ashmolean Museum, Oxford University.

Aubenton, E. L. d’ 1765-1781 (?1783). Planches enluminées d’histoire naturelle [Collection de planches d’histoire naturelle enluminées]. Pts. I-XLII. Paris.

Aubenton, E. L. d’, Bonnaterre, Abbé J. P., Vieillot, L. J. P., Desmarest, A. G., et al. 1789-1823. Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature.

Audebert, J. B., and Vieillot, L. J. P. 1800-1802. Oiseaux dorés ou à reflets métalliques. Vols. I (Histoire naturelle et générale des Colibris, Oiseaux-mouches, Jacamars et Promérops) -II (Histoire naturelle et générale des Grimpereaux et des Oiseaux de Paradis). Paris.

Audubon, J. J. L. 1827-1838. The Birds of America; from Original Drawings .. Vols. I-IV. London (double elephant folio ed.).

Audubon, J. J. L. 1831-1839. Ornithological Biography, or an account of the habits of the birds of the United States of America; accompanied by descriptions of the objects represented in the work entitled The Birds of America, and interspersed with delineations of American scenery and manners. Vols. I-V. Edinburgh.

Audubon, J. J. L. 1839. A Synopsis of the Birds of North America. Edinburgh.

Audubon, J. J. L. 1840-1844. The Birds of America: from Drawings made in the United States and Their Territories. Vols. I-VII. New York/Philadelphia (royal octavo ed.).

Azara, F. M. de. 1802-1805. Apuntiamentos para la historia natural de los páxaros de Paragüay y Río de la Plata. Madrid.


Baedeker, F. W. J. 1855-1863. Die Eier der europaeischen Voegel nach der Natur gemalt. Mit einer Beschreibung des Nestbaues gemeinschaftlich bearbeitet mit L. Brehm und W. Paessler.

Baird, S. F. 1864-1873. Review of American birds in the Museum of the Smithsonian Institution. Washington.

Baird, S. F., and Stansbury, H. 1852. Exploration and Survey of the Valley of the Great Salt Lake of Utah. Philadelphia.

Baird, S. F., Cassin, J., and Lawrence, G. N. 1858. Reports of explorations and surveys to ascertain the most practical and economical route for a railroad from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean. Made under the direction of the Secretary of War, in 1853-1855. Washington.

Baird, S. F., Cassin, J., and Lawrence, G. N. 1860. Birds of North America; with descriptions of species based chiefly on the collections in the museum of the Smithsonian Institution. Philadelphia.

Baird, S. F., Brewer,T. M., and Ridgway, R. 1874. A History of North American Birds. Land birds. Vols. 1-3. Boston.

Bajon, M. 1777. Mémoires pour servir à l’histoire de Cayenne et de la Guiane françoise. Vol. I. Paris.

Baker, R. H. 1951. The Avifauna of Micronesia, its Origin, Evolution, and Distribution. Univ. of Kansas Publications, Museum of Natural History, 3 (1), 1-359.

Bancroft, E. 1769. An Essay on the Natural History of Guiana, in South America: containing a description of many curious productions in the animal and vegetable systems of that country. Together with an account of the religion, manners, and customs of several tribes of its Indian inhabitants. Interspersed with a variety of literary and medical observations. London.

Banks, Richard C.  1993.  The generic name of the Crested Argus Rheinardia ocellata. Forktail, 8, 3-6.

Barraclough, G. (ed.) 1984. The Times atlas of world history. Times Books.

Barrère, P. 1741. Essai sur l’histoire naturelle de la France Équinoxiale. Paris.

Barrère, P. 1745. Ornithologiae specimen novum. Perpignan.

Bartholin, T. 1668. Dissertatio de cygni anatome, etc. Copenhagen.

Barton, B. S. 1815. Some account of the Tantalus Ephouskyca, a rare American Bird. Trans. Linnean Soc. London, 12 (1), 24-27.

Bartram, W. 1791. Travels through North & South Carolina, Georgia, East & West Florida, the Cherokee country, the extensive territories of the Muscogulges or Creek confederacy, and the country of the Chactaws; containing an account of the soil and natural productions of those regions, together with observations on the manners of the Indians. Philadelphia.

Bates, G. L. 1930. Handbook of the Birds of West Africa. John Bale, Sons & Danielsson.

Baxter, J. H. 1953. Notes on Souter’s Glossary of Later Latin. Archivum Latinitatis Medii Aevi, 23, 7-12, 101-141.

Beaman, M. 1994. Palearctic Birds. A Checklist of the Birds of Europe, North Africa and Asia north of the foothills of the Himalayas. Harrier Publications, Stonyhurst.

Beaman, M., and Madge, S. 1998. The Handbook of Bird Identification for Europe and the Western Palearctic. Christopher Helm.

Beddall, B. G. 1975. ‘Un Naturalista Original’: Don Félix de Azara, 1746-1821. Journal of the History of Biology, 8 (1), 15-66.

Beddall, B. G. 1983. The Isolated Spanish Genius – Myth or Reality? Félix de Azara and the Birds of Paraguay. Journal of the History of Biology, 16 (2), 225-258.

Bechstein, J. M. 1789-1795. Gemeinnützige Naturgeschichte Deutschlands nach allen drey Reichen. Ein Handbuch zur deutlichern und vollständigern Selbstbelehrung besonders für Forstmänner, Jugendlehrer und Oekonomen. Ed. 1. Leipzig.

Bechstein, J. M. 1792. Kurzgefaßte gemeinnützige Naturgeschichte des In- und Auslandes für Schulen und häuslichen Unterricht. Leipzig.

Bechstein, J. M. 1792-1812. John Latham’s allgemeine Übersicht der Vögel aus dem Englischen übersetzt und mit Anmerkungen und Zusätzen versehen. Nürnberg.

Bechstein, J. M. 1801-1809. Gemeinnützige Naturgeschichte Deutschlands nach allen drey Reichen. Ein Handbuch zur deutlichern und vollständigern Selbstbelehrung besonders für Forstmänner, Jugendlehrer und Oekonomen. Ed. 2. Leipzig.

Bechstein, J. M. 1802-1812. Ornithologisches Taschenbuch von und für Deutschland oder kurze Beschreibung aller Vögel Deutschlands für Leibhaber dieses Theils der Naturgeschichte. Leipzig.

Bechstein, J. M. 1811-1812. Kurze Uebersicht aller bekannten Vögel oder ihre Kennzeichen der Art nach Lathams General Synopsis of Birds und seinen Index Ornithologicus. Nürnberg.

Beehler, B. M., and Pratt, T. K. 2016. Birds of New Guinea. Distribution, Taxonomy, and Systematics. Princeton Univ. Press.

Beehler, B. M., Pratt, T. K., and Zimmerman, D. A. 1986. Birds of New Guinea. Princeton Univ. Press.

Bélanger, C., and Lesson, R. P. 1832-1834. Voyage aux Indes Orientales, par le nord de l’Europe …pendant les années 1825, 1826, 1827, 1828 et 1829.

Belon, P. 1555. Lhistoire de la nature des oyseaux, avec leurs descriptions, et naïfs portraicts retirez du naturel. Paris.

Belon, P. 1557. Portraicts d’oyseaux, animaux, serpens, arbres, hommes et femmes d’Arabie & Égypte; le tous enrichy de quatrains pour plus facile cognaissance des Oyseaux. Paris.

Benson, C. W. 1999. Type specimens of bird skins in the University Museum of Zoology, Cambridge, United Kingdom. B. O. C. Occ. Publs. no. 4.

Benson, C. W., and Irwin, M. P. S. 1980. The meaning of the generic name of the Thick-billed Cuckoo Pachycoccyx. Honeyguide, 102, 26-27.

Beolens, B., and Watkins, M. 2003. Whose Bird? Men and women commemorated in the common names of birds. Christopher Helm.

Beolens, B., Watkins, M., and Grayson, M. 2009. The Eponym Dictionary of Mammals. Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore.

Beolens, B., Watkins, N., and Grayson, M. 2014. The Eponym Dictionary of Birds. Bloomsbury, London.

Bernis, Francisco. 1994. Diccionario de Nombres Vernáculos de Aves. Editorial Gredos, Madrid.

Bertau, P.  2014.  Die Bedeutung historischer Vogelnamen – Nichtsingvögel. Band 1.   – Singvögel. Band 2.  Springer Spektrum, Berlin.

Braun, J. K., and Mares, M. A. 1995. The Mammals of Argentina: an Etymology. Mastozoología Neotropical, 2 (2), 173-206.

Brazil, M. 2009. Field Guide to the Birds of East Asia. Eastern China, Taiwan, Korea, Japan and Eastern Russia. Christopher Helm.

Bretagnolle, V. 1995. Systematics of the Soft-plumaged Petrel Pterodroma mollis (Procellariidae): new insight from the study of vocalizations. Ibis, 137, 207-218.

Bertoni, A. de W. 1901. Aves nuevas del Paraguay. Continuación á Azara. Extracto de la historia natural de las aves del Paraguay. Descripción de las especies nuevas descubiertas por el autor y contribuciones al estudio de la avifauna Paraguaya. Kraus, Asunción.

Bewick, T. 1797-1804. History of British Birds. The figures engraved on Wood. Vols. I-II. London.

Birkhead, T. 2018. The Wonderful Mr Willughby The First True Ornithologist. Bloomsbury, London.

Billberg, G. J. 1827-1828. Synopsis Faunae Scandinaviae. Stockholm.

Bircham, P. 2007. A History of Ornithology. Collins (The New Naturalist Library no. 104).

BirdLife International. 2000. Threatened Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona and Cambridge.

Blasius, J. H. 1862. A list of the birds of Europe. Reprinted from the German with the author’s corrections (translated and edited by A. Newton). London.

Blumenbach, J. F. 1779-1780. Handbuch der Naturgeschichte. Göttingen.

Blunt, W. 1984. The compleat naturalist : a life of Linnaeus. Collins.

Blyth, E. 1849-1852. Catalogue of the birds in the Museum of the Asiatic Society, Calcutta. Calcutta.

Boast, A. P., B. Chapman, M. B. Herrera, T. H. Worthy, R. P. Scofield, A. J. D. Tennyson, P. Houde, M. Bunce, A. Cooper and K. J. Mitchell.  2019.  Mitochondrial genomes from New Zealand’s extinct adzebills (Aves: Aptornithidae: Aptornis) support a sister-taxon relationship with the Afro-Madagascan Sarothruridae.  Diversity 2019, 11 (2), 24;

Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., no. 222.

Boddaert, M. 1783. Table des Planches Enluminéez d’Histoire naturelle, de M. d’Aubenton, avec les denominations de M.M. de Buffon, Brisson, Edwards, Linnaeus et Latham. precedé d’une Notice des Principaux Ouvrages Zoologiques enluminés. Utrecht.

Boddaert, P. 1767-1770. Dierkundig mengelwerk, in het welke de nieuwe of nog duistere zoorten van dieren Door naauwkeurige Afbeeldingen, Beschryvingen en Verhandelingen opgehelderd worden. In het Latyn beschreeven door den Hooggel. Heer P. S. Pallas M.D. Hoogleeraar in de natuurlyke Historie. Utrecht.

Boghdanov, M. N. 1884. Conspectus avium Imperii Rossici. St Petersburg.

Boie, F. 1822. Tagebuch gehalten auf einer Reise durch Norwegen im Jahre 1817.

Bonaparte, C. L. 1825-1833. American ornithology; or the natural history of birds inhabiting the United States, not given by Wilson. With figures drawn, engraved, and coloured, from nature. Philadelphia.

Bonaparte, C. L. 1827. Specchio comparativo delle ornitologie di Roma e di Filadelfia. Pisa.

Bonaparte, C. L. 1830. Osservazioni di C. L. Bonaparte sulla seconda edizione del Regno animale del Barone Cuvier.

Bonaparte, C. L. 1831. Saggio di una distribuzione metodica degli animali vertebrati.

Bonaparte, C. L. 1832. Supplemento allo specchio comparativo delle ornitologie di Roma e di Filadelfia. Pisa.

Bonaparte, C. L. 1832-1841. Iconografia della fauna Italica per le quattro classi degli animali vertebrati …Uccelli. Rome.

Bonaparte, C. L. 1838. A geographical and comparative list of the birds of Europe and North America. London.

Bonaparte, C. L. 1842. Osservazioni sullo stato della Zoologia in Europa in quanto ai Vertebrati nell anno 1840-41.

Bonaparte, C. L. 1842. Catalogo metodico degli Uccelli Europei.

Bonaparte, C. L. 1849. Conspectus systematis ornithologiae. Editio altera reformata additis synonymis Grayanis.

Bonaparte, C. L. 1850. Revue critique de l’ornithologie Européenne de M. le docteur Degland. Bruxelles.

Bonaparte, C. L. 1850. Conspectus systematis ornithologiae. Editio reformata additis synonymis Grayanis et Selysanis.

Bonaparte, C. L. 1850-1857. Conspectus generum avium. Vols. I-II. Leiden.

Bonaparte, C. L. 1854. Notes ornithologiques sur les collections rapportées en 1853 par M. A. Delattre de son voyage en Californie et dans le Nicaragua, et classification parallélique des passereaux chanteurs. Paris.

Bonaparte, C. L. 1857. Remarques à propos des Observations de M. Émile Blanchard sur les Caractères ostéologiques chez les Oiseaux de la famille des Psittacidés, et Tableau des genres de Perroquets disposés en séries parallèles. Paris.

Bonaparte, C. L. 1857-1858. Iconographie des pigeons non figurés par Mme Knip (Mlle Pauline Decourcelles) dans les deux volumes de MM Temminck et Florent Prévost …Ouvrage servant d’illustration à son Histoire Naturelle des Pigeons. Paris.

Bonaparte, C. L., and Schlegel, H. 1850. Monographie des loxiens. Leiden.

Bontius, J. 1658. Historiæ Naturalis & Medicæ Indiæ Orientalis libri sex …in quorum librorum penultimo, naturæ Animalium, Avium, & Piscium: in ultimo autem, Arborum & Plantarum species miræ, Europæis incognitæ, ac ad vivum delineatæ, explicantur. Commentarii . .a G. Pisone, in ordinem redacti & illustrati, atque annotationibus …adaucti. Amsterdam.

Borkhausen, M. B., Lichthammer, J. W., Bekker, C. W., and Lembcke, G. 1796-1817. Teutsche Ornithologie oder Naturgeschichte aller Vögel Teutschlands in naturgetreuen Abbildungen und Beschreibungen. Darmstadt.

Borrow, Nik, and Ron Demey.  2001. Birds of Western Africa.  Christopher Helm, London. 

Boucard, A. 1876. Catalogus avium hucusque descriptorum. London.

Boucard, A. 1892-1895. Genera of humming birds. Being also a complete monograph of these birds. London.

Bougainville, L. A. de. 1771. Voyage autour du Monde, par la frégate du roi La Boudeuse, et la flûte l’Étoile; en 1766, 1767, 1768 et 1769. Paris.

Bougainville, L. A. de. 1837. Journal de la navigation autour du globe de la frégate la Thétis et de la corvette l’Espérance pendant les années 1824, 1825 et 1826 publié par ordre du Roi sous les auspices du Département de la Marine par M. le baron de Bougainville Capitaine de vaisseau. Paris.

Bourjot St.-Hilaire, A. 1837-1838. Histoire naturelle des perroquets, troisième volume (supplémentaire), pour faire suite aux deux volumes de Levaillant, contenant les espèces laissées inédites par cet auteur ou récemment découvertes. Ouvrage destiné a compléter une monographie figurée de la famille des Psittacidés, le texte renfermant la classification, la synonymie et la description de chaque espèce; suivi d’un index général des espèces décrites dans tout l’ouvrage. Strasbourg.

Brandt, J. F. von. 1836. Descriptiones et icones animalium Rossicorum novorum vel minus rite cognitorum. St Petersburg.

Braun, M. P., Bahr, N., and Wink, M. 2016. Phylogenie und Taxonomie der Edelsittiche (Psittaciformes: Psittaculidae: Psittacula), mit Beschreibung von drei neuen Gattungen. Vogelwarte, 54, 322-324.

Brehm, A. E. 1863-1869. Illustriertes Tierleben. Hildburghausen.

Brehm, C. L. 1831. Handbuch der Naturgeschichte aller Vögel Deutschlands, worin nach den sorgfältigsten Untersuchungen und den genauesten Beobachtungen mehr als 900 einheimische Vögel-Gattung en zur Begründung einer ganz neuen Ansicht und Behandlung ihrer Naturgeschichte vollständig beschrieben sind. Ilmenau.

Brehm, C. L. 1832. Handbuch für den Liebenhaber der Stuben-, Haus- und Aller der Zähmung Werthen Vögel. enthaltend die genauesten Beschreibungen von 200 europäischen Vögelarten und eine gründliche, auf vielen neuen Beobachtungen berulende Anweisung, die in- und ausländischen Vögel zu fangen …

Brehm, C. L. 1855. Die vollständige Vogelfang. Eine gründliche Anleitung, alle europäischen Vögel … zu fangen. Mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Vogelstellerei der Franzosen und Afrikaner. Weimar.

Brehm, C. L., and Schilling, W. 1820-1822. Beiträge zur Vögelkunde in vollständigen Beschreibungen mehrerer neu entdeckter und vieler seltener, oder nicht gehörig beobachteter deutscher Vögel. Neustadt-an-der-Orla.

Breit, V., and Clarke, K. B. 1983. Ornithology Books in the Library of Trinity College, Hartford, including the Library of Ostrom Enders. Trinity College, Hartford, Conn.

Breit, V., and Clarke, K. B. 1991. Ornithology Books in the Library of Trinity College, Hartford, including the Library of Ostrom Enders. Supplement. Trinity College, Hartford, Conn.

Brewer’s Dictionary of Phrase & Fable. 1962 (6th ed.) Cassell.

Brewer, David.  2018.  Birds New to Science. Fifty Years of Avian Discoveries.  Christopher Helm, London.

Bridson, G. 2008. The History of Natural History. An annotated bibliography. 2nd ed. Linnean Soc. London.

Brisson, M. J. 1760. Ornithologie, ou Méthode contenant la division des oiseaux en ordres, sections, genres, espèces & leurs variétés. A laquelle on a joint une description exacte de chaque espèce, avec les citations des auteurs qui en ont traité, les noms qu’ils leur ont donnés, ceux que leur ont donnés les différentes nations, & les noms vulgaires. Ouvrage enrichi de figures en taille-douce. Vols. I-VI, & Supplément. Jean-Baptiste Bauche, Paris.

British Museum (Natural History). 1903-1940. Catalogue of the books, manuscripts, maps and drawings in the British Museum (Natural History ). Vols. I-VIII. B.M. (N.H.), London.

British Museum (Natural History). 1975. List of serial publications in the British Museum (Natural History ) library. Vols. 1-3. B. M. (N. H.), London (pubn. no. 778).

British Ornithologists’ Union. 1915. A list of British birds. 2nd Edn. B.O.U., London.

British Ornithologists’ Union Records Committee. 1988. Suggested changes to the English names of some Western Palearctic birds. Ibis, 130, Supplement / Brit. Birds, 81, 355-77.

Brodkorb, Pierce.  1963.  Catalogue of Fossil Birds. Part 1 (Archaeopterygiformes through Ardeiformes).  Bulletin of the Florida State Museum, Biological Sciences, 7 (4), 179-293.

Brodkorb, Pierce.  1964.  Catalogue of Fossil Birds. Part 2 (Anseriformes through Galliformes).  Bulletin of the Florida State Museum, Biological Sciences, 8 (3), 195-335.

Brodkorb, Pierce.  1967.  Catalogue of Fossil Birds. Part 3 (Ralliformes, Ichthyornithiformes, Charadriiformes).  Bulletin of the Florida State Museum, Biological Sciences, 11 (3), 99-220.

Brodkorb, Pierce.  1971.  Catalogue of Fossil Birds. Part 4 (Columbiformes  through Piciformes).  Bulletin of the Florida State Museum, Biological Sciences, 15 (4), 163-266.

Brodkorb, Pierce.  1978.  Catalogue of Fossil Birds. Part 5 (Passeriformes).  Bulletin of the FloridaState Museum, Biological Sciences, 23 (3), 139-228.

Brooke, M. 2004. Albatrosses and Petrels across the World. Oxford Univ. Press.

Brooke, R. K. 1993. Annotated Catalogue of the Aves Type Specimens in the South African Museum. Annals of the South African Museum, 102 (10), 327-349.

Brookes, J. 1828. Catalogue of the Anatomical and Zoological Museum of Joshua Brookes. London.

Brookes, J. 1830. Museum Brookesianum. London.

Brown, L., and Amadon, D. 1968. Eagles, Hawks and Falcons of the World. Vols. 1-2. Country Life Books, Feltham.

Brown, P. 1776. New illustrations of zoology, containing fifty coloured plates of new, curious, and non-descript birds, with a few quadrupeds, reptiles and insects. Together with a short and scientific description of the same. London.

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